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Born Apr. 4, 1835, in Green Hammerton, Yorkshire; died Oct. 7, 1911, in London. English neurologist.
Jackson received his medical education in London (1860). He worked at the Royal Ophthalmological Hospital (1860) and, beginning in 1862, at the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases. His basic work was on the localization of the motor centers in the cerebral cortex and the function of the cerebellum, as well as on aphasia and epilepsy (one of the forms of this disease is now known as Jacksonian epilepsy). His ideas on the evolution and dissolution of the nervous system had a great influence on the development of the study of the evolutionary morphology of the nervous system, the theory of the localization of functions in the cerebral cortex, and the understanding of a number of clinical symptoms. Jackson was a member of the Royal College of Physicians (1861) and the Royal Society (1878).
WORKSSelected Writings, vols. 1-2. London, 1931-32.
Kak borot’sia s nashimi nervami. Moscow-Leningrad, 1926. (Translated from English.)