John Lubbock


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Lubbock, John

 

Born Apr. 30, 1834, in London; died May 28, 1913, at Kingsgate Palace, Kent. British archaeologist and ethnologist; a major figure of the bourgeois evolutionist (anthropological) school and a consistent advocate of the use of the natural scientific and historical comparative method in the study of human culture.

Lubbock proposed a periodization of archaeological remains, dividing the Stone Age into the Paleolithic and the Neolithic. He researched problems of the history of culture, especially the history of marriage and the family; he considered their most ancient form to be the “communal” marriage (that is, the group marriage), which, through the custom of abducting women and exogamy, eventually developed into individual marriages. Lubbock sought to establish stages of development common to all mankind: atheism (a period without religion), fetishism, totem-ism, shamanism, and so forth. He was the first to apply the combined use of archaeological and ethnological material to the study of prehistoric times.

WORKS

Prehistoric Times. London, 1865.
The Origin of Civilization. London, 1870.
References in periodicals archive ?
John Lubbock, author of 'The Pleasures of Life,' wrote: 'Art is unquestionably one of the purest and highest elements in human happiness.
Philip Rushforth and John Lubbock will conduct the choir and orchestra.
The origins of our official bank holidays come from 1871, when they were first included in an official Act of Parliament by a banker called Sir John Lubbock.
Included by a banker called Sir John Lubbock in an official Act of Parliament in 1871, the dates he chose just happened to coincide with the home fixtures of his local village cricket team.
It is the direct connection to Morgan in the United States, and Morgan's transatlantic tussles with evolutionary theorists in Great Britain, particularly John Lubbock and John McLennan, that motivates the title Southern Anthropology, since this is a story about the relationship between global 'core' and 'periphery', and a retelling of the influences they had on each other, both positive and negative.
William Shakespeare, Newton, Andre Gide, Martin better king, Jean Paul Richter, Socrates, Seneca, John Lubbock, Arthur, Albert Einstein, Charles Dickens, Edward Grey, Home, Margaret Atwood, Jim, Mac Tse Tung, Kristin Hunter, Jane Wagner, Charles Dickens, John Sterling, Eric Hoffer, Peter Cook, Jack Handey, Thomas Carlyle and many other philosophers and legendary people are included in this book.
Out of hundred philosophers and legendary people, a few are: William Shakespeare, Newton, Andre Gide, Martin better king, Jean Paul Richter, Socrates, Seneca, John Lubbock, Arthur, Albert Einstein, Charles Dickens, Edward Grey, Home, Margaret Atwood, Jim, Mac Tse Tung, Kristin Hunter, Jane Wagner, Charles Dickens, John Sterling, Eric Hoffer, Peter Cook, Jack Handey, Thomas Carlyle and many others.
In 1871, the UK Parliament decided that legislation on Bank Holidays was necessary and Sir John Lubbock MP introduced the Bank Holidays Act in the same year.
As John Lubbock (http://www.vice.com/en_uk/read/bahrain-just-bought-more-tear-gas-canisters-than-it-has-citizens) remarked on a Vice article , that would leave the tiny island state with more of the weapons than its 1.3 million citizens.
Sir John Lubbock, who had personally saved the stone circle at Avebury from despoliation, repeatedly introduced bills into Parliament after 1874 to establish legal protection for such monuments but met with intransigent opposition.
Instead, its Royal Society favored a knock-off to Wilson's Prehistoric Man: Pre-historic Times, written by one of its titled members, Sir John Lubbock. Lubbock described American Indians as Hobbesian savages, nasty, brutish, short-lived (Kehoe 2013).
As an experienced concerto player, she has performed all the major repertoire with the City of London Sinfonia, the Orchestra of St John's Smith Square under John Lubbock, the New London Soloists Ensemble, the South Bank Sinfonia, the Haydn Chamber Orchestra, the Birmingham Chamber Orchestra, the St David's Chamber Orchestra and the Ten Tors Orchestra among others.