John Lubbock


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Lubbock, John

 

Born Apr. 30, 1834, in London; died May 28, 1913, at Kingsgate Palace, Kent. British archaeologist and ethnologist; a major figure of the bourgeois evolutionist (anthropological) school and a consistent advocate of the use of the natural scientific and historical comparative method in the study of human culture.

Lubbock proposed a periodization of archaeological remains, dividing the Stone Age into the Paleolithic and the Neolithic. He researched problems of the history of culture, especially the history of marriage and the family; he considered their most ancient form to be the “communal” marriage (that is, the group marriage), which, through the custom of abducting women and exogamy, eventually developed into individual marriages. Lubbock sought to establish stages of development common to all mankind: atheism (a period without religion), fetishism, totem-ism, shamanism, and so forth. He was the first to apply the combined use of archaeological and ethnological material to the study of prehistoric times.

WORKS

Prehistoric Times. London, 1865.
The Origin of Civilization. London, 1870.
References in periodicals archive ?
Out of hundred philosophers and legendary people, a few are: William Shakespeare, Newton, Andre Gide, Martin better king, Jean Paul Richter, Socrates, Seneca, John Lubbock, Arthur, Albert Einstein, Charles Dickens, Edward Grey, Home, Margaret Atwood, Jim, Mac Tse Tung, Kristin Hunter, Jane Wagner, Charles Dickens, John Sterling, Eric Hoffer, Peter Cook, Jack Handey, Thomas Carlyle and many others.
In 1871, the UK Parliament decided that legislation on Bank Holidays was necessary and Sir John Lubbock MP introduced the Bank Holidays Act in the same year.
The originator was Sir John Lubbock, a Victorian politician, friend of Charles Darwin, naturalist, banker, barrister, mathematician and progressive scientist.
Sir John Lubbock, who had personally saved the stone circle at Avebury from despoliation, repeatedly introduced bills into Parliament after 1874 to establish legal protection for such monuments but met with intransigent opposition.
As an experienced concerto player, she has performed all the major repertoire with the City of London Sinfonia, the Orchestra of St John's Smith Square under John Lubbock, the New London Soloists Ensemble, the South Bank Sinfonia, the Haydn Chamber Orchestra, the Birmingham Chamber Orchestra, the St David's Chamber Orchestra and the Ten Tors Orchestra among others.
In 1871, Sir John Lubbock passed the first Bank Holidays Act, which designated four days as holiday but this did not specify Good Friday and Christmas Day as bank holidays in England, Wales and Ireland, as they were already recognised as public holidays.
Rather than engage in lengthy descriptions of the physiognomies of John Toland, William Stukely, William Wordsworth or John Lubbock, why not point the reader to their portraits?
So here is John Lubbock once again, questioning the categories and celebrating the contradictions and continually welcoming moments of wonder.
Knowing that his eyes "cannot escape the present," Mithen uses an avatar, John Lubbock, to ensure that his global history "is about people's lives rather than just the objects that archaeologists find" (p.
That generous 30 plus was slashed to just four, Good Friday, 1 May, 1 November, and Christmas Day and when Sir John Lubbock introduced the Bank Holiday Act 1871, things changed again, but didn't improve.
Mithen breathes life into his tale by conveying it through a fictional victorian polymath by the name of John Lubbock.
On Saturday, September 8, the music schedule continues with the choir and Orchestra of St John's with John Lubbock as conductor providing the audience with a wonderful selection of Britten's most popular pieces.