John Metaxas

Metaxas, John

 

(loannis Metaxas). Born Apr. 12, 1871, on the island of Ithaca; died Jan. 29, 1941, in Athens. Greek state and political figure.

Metaxas received a higher military education in Germany. After returning to Greece in 1903, he served for many years as an officer on the General Staff. In 1921 he founded the monarchist Party of Freethinkers. After the establishment of a republic in Greece in 1924, Metaxas vigorously fought for the restoration of the monarchy. Metaxas was minister of war from January to April 1935, vice prime minister from April to October 1935, and prime minister from April to August 1936. On Aug. 4, 1936, under the pretext of the alleged danger of a “Communist plot,” Metaxas carried out a fascist coup d’etat, disbanded all political parties, and arrested their leaders. In foreign politics the government of Metaxas, who remained prime minister until his death, steered a course toward economic and political rapprochement between Greece and fascist Germany.

References in periodicals archive ?
It should be noted that from 1936 to 1941 Greece was under the ultraconservative dictatorship of Prime Minister John Metaxas and King George II.
Some of them were persecuted by John Metaxas' dictatorial regime (1936-40).
In April 1943 the Nazis appointed Ioannis Rallis, an ex-deputy minister of John Metaxas' dictatorial government prior to the war, as a prime minister of the quisling Greek government to suppress the growing Resistance movement.