John Millington Synge

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to John Millington Synge: William Butler Yeats, Sean O'Casey
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Synge, John Millington


Born Apr. 16, 1871, at Rath-farnham, near Dublin; died Mar. 24, 1909, in Dublin. Irish playwright.

Synge was educated at Trinity College in Dublin and in Paris. In his first play, In the Shadow of the Glen (1903), he attacked the power of money and advocated higher morality. His one-act drama Riders to the Sea (1904) depicts nature as a tragic force for fishermen doomed to perish at sea. Synge’s plays, which had been influenced by French and Belgian symbolism, then became predominantly realistic, as seen in The Well of the Saints (1905) and The Playboy of the Western World (1907; Russian translation by K. Chukovskii under the title The Hero, 1923), which depict the ignorance and cruelty of the Irish village.

Synge’s book of sketches The Aran Islands (1907) describes the life of Irish fishermen, whose tales were the source of most of Synge’s plays. The play The Tinker’s Wedding (1907) is anticlerical, and the play Deirdre of the Sorrows (1910, unfinished) is permeated with tragic motifs. Synge championed the aesthetic principles of realistic drama.


Collected Works, vols. 1–4. London, 1962–68.
In Russian translation:
Dramy. [Foreword by Iu. Kovalev.] Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.


Kamyshev, V. S. “Esteticheskie vzgliady Dzh. M. Singa.” In the collection Esteticheskiepozitsii i tvorcheskii metodpisatelia. Moscow, 1973.
Kamyshev, V. S. “Dzh. M. Sing v bor’be za novuiu irlandskuiu dramu.” In the collection Problemy zarubezhnoi literatury XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1974.
Greene, D. H., and E. M. Stephens. J. M. Synge, 1871–1909. New York, 1959.
Gerstenberger, D. John Millington Synge. New York, 1965.
J. M. Synge Centenary Papers, 1971. [Dublin, 1972.]
Levitt, P. M. J. M. Synge: A Bibliography of Published Criticism. Dublin [1974].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(3) John Millington Synge, Halotti Tor (The Shadow of the Glen), trans.
Set to Benjamin Britten and adapted from John Millington Synge's Riders To the sea.
Its literary influence continued into the early 20th century, when the Anglo-Irish writers, notably William Butler Yeats and John Millington Synge, dramatized the theme.
The Playboy of the Western World (1907) by the Irish playwright John Millington Synge was presented in Boston, Philadelphia, and New York City.
Tracing her stay on the island, Mr Dubhshlaine found her signature in the guest house where John Millington Synge wrote Rider to the Sea.
Yeats, John Millington Synge, Lady Gregory, and Sean O'Casey, as well as the late 19th-century work of Douglas Hyde, Dion Boucicault, Oscar Wilde, and Henrik Ibsen, and the work of George Bernard Shaw.
Frequent Fringe participant Praxis Theatre will perform Nicolas Billon s one-hour adaptation of Brechts Senora Carrar's Rifles (simply retitled Rifles), which also carries influence from John Millington Synge's Riders to the Sea.
This volume was inspired by the centenary of the death of dramatist John Millington Synge and celebrates the second decade of the Synge Summer School at National U.
Here is a thematically pertinent and characteristic passage from Ghost Light, Joseph O'Connor's brilliant evocation of the memory-rich but sad-ending stage heroine's life, based loosely on that of actor "Maire O'Neill," Molly Allgood, who was loved by the Abbey's famous playwright, John Millington Synge.
Call 01492 872 000 4 The Playboy of the Western World A story of love, rivalry and betrayal - a rich encounter with one of Ireland's most beloved dramatists, John Millington Synge. It tells the story of Christy Mahon, who stumbles into a pub claiming he has killed his father.
WHEN John Millington Synge's threeact play was first performed in 1907, Sinn Fein leader Arthur Griffith declared it "a vile and inhuman story told in the foulest language we have ever listened to from a public platform".
This is the engaging hook of Bisi Adigun and Roddy Doyle's updating of John Millington Synge's classic, "The Playboy of the Western World," which delivers an engaging evening of theater despite the authors failure to fully explore the radical sociopolitical implications of their proposal.