John Mitchel


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Mitchel, John

 

Born Nov. 3, 1815, in Dungiven, County Londonderry; died Mar. 20, 1875, in Newry, County Down. Leading figure in the Irish liberation movement.

Mitchel joined the Repeal Association and the patriotic society Young Ireland, and in 1846 promoted the breakaway of radical elements from the compromise wing of the Association, headed by Daniel O’Connell. In 1847 he was one of the organizers of the Irish Confederation, in which he put forward the idea of freeing the country by revolutionary means. Mitchel called for the preparation of an armed uprising against English rule. Influenced by Utopian socialism, he advocated an alliance with the English Chartists.

On May 27, 1848, Mitchel was sentenced by an English court to 14 years’ hard labor in Tasmania. In 1853 he escaped and fled to the United States, where he continued to take part in the Irish national liberation movement. In the last years of his life he made numerous trips to his homeland to carry on propaganda. Mitchel’s works on Irish history significantly contributed to the development of a democratic trend in Irish historiography.

WORKS

The Last Conquest of Ireland. Glasgow, 1876.
The History of Ireland From the Treaty of Limerick to the Present Time,vols. 1–2. London, 1868.

REFERENCES

[Kunina, V. E.] “National’no-osvoboditel’naia bor’ba irlandskogo naroda v 1848 g.” In the collection Revoliutsii 1848–1849 [vol.] 2. Moscow, 1952.
Dillon, W. Life of John Mitchel, vols. 1–2. London, 1888.
L. I. GOL’MAN
References in periodicals archive ?
According to acting provincial administrator John Mitchel Boiser, Bohol has only 80 deputized traffic cops based on the LTO list.
There is special focus on the ideas and writings of John Mitchel and his role in shaping the Irish Nationalist memory of the Great Famine.
Filming took place at Green Street Courthouse in Smithfield, which was the venue of several big trials including those of Wolfe Tone and Robert Emmet in 1803, John Mitchel in 1848 and other Fenian leaders.
Between Two Flags: John Mitchel & Jenny Verner is the true-life story of a difficult yet loving marriage buffeted by the politics of mid-nineteenth century Ireland and America.
At home, the nonsectarian nationalism of Young Ireland produced John Mitchel, who eventually supported slavery.
Senchina - John Mitchel Senchina, 71, of Eugene, died April 20.
Detective Chief Superintendent John Mitchel l said: "Although we have had good support from the publ ic throughout this investigation, I am in no doubt our inquiries and take the appropriate action.
Secretary of state for Wales Cheryl Gillan and David Jones MP with Dr John Mitchel at Optic Technium, St Asaph
John Mitchel, a 30-year-old charity worker from Shieldfield, Newcastle, says: "It's a lot more strenuous than people realise.
John Mitchel, for example, appears on a number of occasions, each of which offers a little more insight into how Akenson sees him.
THEDown Royal meeting on Sunday June 19 will provide the culmination of a fund-raising exercise for the John Mitchel GAA club, based in Claudy, County Derry.
The incident happened at a flat at John Mitchel Street in Newry early yesterday.