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John. 1903--92, British artist. An official war artist in World War II, he is known esp for his watercolours of bombed churches and his stained glass in Coventry Cathedral



(pepper), a genus of plants of the family Piperaceae. The plants are lianas, rarely small trees and herbs. The flowers are small, mostly unisexual, and in spicate inflorescences. There are approximately 700 species (according to other data, approximately 2,000), distributed in the tropics of both hemispheres, primarily in tropical America and the monsoonal areas of East Asia. The pepper (Piper nigrum), a woody liana, is the most important species. It grows in India and Southeast Asia and is cultivated in tropical areas. Its immature dried fruits yield black pepper; another spice, white pepper, is obtained by separating the pericarp from the mature fruits. The betel (P. betle) is used to make a stimulant masticatory. Many species, including kava (P. methysticum), cubeb (P. cubeba), and long pepper (P. Iongum), yield spices, aromatics, stimulants, or medicinal substances.

Several species of plants from different families are also commonly known as peppers, for example, Capsicum longum and Polygonum hydropiper. The fruits of P. nigrum and C. longum, which are used as condiments, are called pepper.


Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Macmillan, H. F. Tropical Planting and Gardening, 5th ed. London, 1943.
Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of Economic Plants, 2nd ed. Weinheim, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
The 2015 Captain John Piper Regatta was sailed on two Saturdays on Sydney Harbour in picture perfect conditions with the finals being contested in eight to 10 knot west, south westerlies.
Harris makes the connection between aerial photography and the landscapes of John Piper (25-29).
The three most likely "gateways" for a student to be introduced to and nurtured by a Calvinist perspective are Reformed campus ministries, Christian contemporary music, and popular speakers and authors like John Piper and R.
Jay Griffin, Henry Kernot, Jack Breislin and Finn Gilbert continued their strong results through the third round robin in day two of the Captain John Piper Regatta.
John Piper said the stench was so bad in the back garden of his house his children refuse to play there.
The fruits of the Rams' promotion campaign showed in that Huddersfield players Steve Hall, John Piper and Durrance all made their competitive debuts.
A range of limited edition prints will include work by abstract artist Sandra Blow, co-founder of the Neo-Romantic movement John Piper, landscape painter Donald Hamilton Fraser, "Europe's answer to Mark Rothko" John Hoyland and printmaker Barbara Rae and Sir Terry Frost, who first began painting as a prisoner of war.
It draws on the research for her latest book, John Piper, Myfanwy Piper: Lives in Art (Oxford University Press, pounds 25).
John Piper is best known, as a war artist, for his paintings of bombed buildings.
Maguire operated his theater for several years before John Piper, a local businessman and politician, purchased it in 1867.