John Pym


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Pym, John

 

Born circa 1584 in Brymore, Somersetshire; died Dec. 8, 1643, in London. English politician. One of the principal leaders of the Parliamentary opposition on the eve and during the first period of the English Civil War.

First elected to Parliament in 1614, Pym was one of the authors of the Petition of Right. He was the most brilliant representative of the allied bloc of the gentry and the bourgeoisie, and his role and influence increased significantly with the convocation of the Long Parliament in November 1640. Pym acted as the chief accuser at the trial of the Earl of Strafford, held in March and April 1641. Charles I’s attempt in January 1642 to arrest Pym, J. Hampden, and other leaders of the opposition met with failure. With the king’s departure for the north, Parliament appointed Pym chairman of a special parliamentary committee, formed in September 1641, which was a de facto provisional government. On Sept. 25, 1643, Pym concluded the Solemn League and Covenant, a treaty of alliance with the Scottish Presbyterians.

REFERENCE

Wingfield-Stratford, E. D. S. King Charles and King Pym. London, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
King Charles I is in Edinburgh, but while he is away from his capital, the leader of the House of Commons, John Pym, is plotting a move to limit his power.
In 1641, King Charles I is in Edinburgh, but while he is away from his capital, the leader of the House of Commons, John Pym, is plotting to limit his power.
Then another PS1,000 turns up from John Pym, the Parliamentarian, commissioning Hotham to take Hull for Parliament.
Mistrust between the king and Parliament was exacerbated by swirling rumors of a popish plot at court, moving John Pym to lay out the idea of an armed association to defend both crown and church.
(25) John Timmis has argued that John Pym condemned Strafford "by the laws of nature, reason and society--everything but the law of England" and called upon the House of Lords to judge Strafford's acts "as right or wrong, instead of legal or illegal." (26) Strafford, caught off guard by the innovative, and Timmis argues, illegitimate, approach of the Commons, threw all his efforts behind a defence entirely based upon the statute law of England, and was thus ruined.
Sidestepping genuinely influential seventeenth-century political authors such as Sir Edward Coke, John Pym, or Henry Parker, or William Blackstone in the eighteenth century, however, he plucks Charles Dallison and John Sadler from obscurity, arguing that they "merit brief mention for what they had to say about the judiciary's role in this [seventeenth-century English] constitutional schema" (p.
In England, Sir Edward Coke invoked the Common Law; John Pym, parliamentary supremacy to limit royal prerogatives; and John Locke's First Treatise cited a mythical ancient constitution, as Peter Laslett has shown, to refute Robert Filmer's devastating defense of absolutism.
"I did some research into the history of Emley in the early 1700s and it says that the trees in the orchard were grown by John Pym, who was the rector in the 1700s.
John Pym is, reasonably, no longer here quite the dominant figure some of us once made him, his arguments are less compelling to all.
On the side of Parliament, traditional British institutions, and the Puritan cause of individual freedom was John Pym. He was a Somerset man, (born a short distance from LeCarre's Dorset birthplace) "a lawyer, strongly anti-High-Church ...
Recent works by younger artists, such as Alys's free-call phone tree, C/R CLE, Melbourne, 2003, Bristol-based John Pym's claustrophobia-inducing, ceiling height-challenged Loaded, 2003, and Darwin-based Anne Ooms's lounge setting of retro-thrift armchairs, reading lights, and artist's books, The Ladies of Nairn, 1997/2003, are juxtaposed alongside the Kabakovs' early reading room, 10 Albums, 1972-75, and Nauman's thwarted-narcissist surveillance demonstration, Four Corner Piece, 1971.
Bancroft's coolly couched concerns with the perils posed by papists pale by comparison with the panicked obsessions of John Pym, the Earl of Shaftesbury, or the seven who wrote the letter of invitation to William of Orange.