John Reed

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Reed, John


Born Oct. 22, 1887, in Portland, Ore.; died Oct. 17, 1920, in Moscow. American labor leader, writer, and publicist.

The son of a judge, Reed graduated from Harvard University in 1910 and then worked as a journalist. In 1914 he published the book Insurgent Mexico (Russian translation, 1959), which supported the revolutionary struggle of the Mexican people and condemned the interference of the USA in Mexico’s domestic affairs. The essay “War in Colorado” (1914) condemned the violent treatment of striking miners. Reed was a war correspondent during World War I (1914–18). In 1916 he published the book The War in Eastern Europe (in Russian translation, Along the Front, 1928), which revealed the war’s imperialist nature.

Reed came to Russia as a war correspondent in August 1917, sided with the Bolsheviks, and enthusiastically welcomed the October Revolution of 1917. After returning to the USA in 1918, he joined the left wing of the Socialist Party and opposed the right-opportunist leaders who supported the imperialist war. He helped organize the left section of the Socialist Party at a conference of New York’s left-wing organizations held in February 1919 and was made editor of the newspaper New York Communist, which began publication in April 1919. In that year he was also elected a member of the National Left Wing Council. In August and September 1919, Reed helped found the Communist Labor Party of America, which in 1921 merged with the Communist Party of America. He lectured and wrote extensively, telling the American people the true facts about the October Revolution in Russia.

Reed’s book Ten Days That Shook the World, published in the USA in March 1919 (Russian translation, 1923), was a truly innovative work about the October Revolution, combining literary narrative, documentation, and publicist commentary. The book won international renown and was praised by V. I. Lenin, who wrote an introduction to it (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 40, p. 48).

Reed came to Moscow in October 1919. He met with Lenin often, was a member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International, and attended the Second Congress of the Comintern (July 1920). He died of typhus and was buried in Red Square at the Kremlin Wall. John Reed clubs were founded in the USA in 1929.


Daughter of the Revolution, and Other Stories. New York, 1927.
An Anthology. Moscow, 1966.
In Russian translation:
Vosstavshaia Meksika, 10 dnei, kotorye potrialsi mir, Amerika 1918. Moscow, 1968.


Gilenson, B. On videl rozhdenie novogo mira. Moscow, 1962.
Gladkov, T. Dzhon Rid. Moscow, 1962.
Kramov, I. Dzhon Rid. Moscow, 1962.
Startsev, A. Russkie bloknoty Dzh. Rida. Moscow, 1968.
Dangulov, S. Dvenadtsat’dorog na Egl’. Moscow, 1970.
Drabkina, E. Navstrechu buriam!, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1969.
Hicks, G. John Reed: The Making of a Revolutionary. New York, 1936.
D. Rid: Bibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Reticente por lo general a recibir premios, Scherer Garcia acepto esta vez la presea John Reed pues la otorga un proyecto --el Revueltas--ajeno a gobiernos y partidos politicos.
Dez dias que abalaram o mundo, de John Reed, e sem duvida um dos livros que narram com maior objetividade o inicio da Revolucao de Outubro, que conseguiu implantar o socialismo na Russia e nas regioes que constituiam o rasto imperio czarista em 1917.
8 John Reed, a firefighter who has played in a Fire Service international for Wales, while secretary Clive Reed, who has been eight years in the office, is only a distant relation.
The Cheshire side have appointed former Harrogate boss John Reed as manager and Nuneaton must beware an inevitable response.
Philpott had stepped up to the hotseat for the home side after the shock exit of John Reed and coach Mark Atkins to Stalybridge Celtic on Thursday.
John Reed joined on as Union City's first Engineer, responsible for the initial set up of the Engine Room and workshop.
The board swiftly appointed John Reed, former co-CEO of Citigroup, as Grasso's interim successor.
Wright, however, was an active member of the Communist Party throughout the 1930s, (3) and he served as head of the Chicago branch of the literary John Reed Club, published pieces in Party-sponsored and Party-friendly magazines like New Masses and Partisan Review, and rose to prominence as a poet, short story writer, literary critic, and journalist.
Distributed by IPL Transpress, 26 Ascot St, Wellington 6000, NZ, and John Reed Book Distributors, Unit 4F, 9-13 Winbourne Rd, Brookvale, NSW 2100.
7 million--just 11 percent of what the highest-paid male earned: John Reed of Citigroup made $293 million.
Shinsei Bank has informally named former Citigroup Co-Chief Executive Officer John Reed as a senior adviser, Shinsei officials said Wednesday.
Similarly, Jamie Dimon, former president of Citigroup and the man whose assignment had been to integrate Citicorp and The Travelers Group, was caught in the palace intrigue between Sandy Weill and John Reed, the so-called co-chairmen of the company.