J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Prof John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE, was born on January 3 1892 in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, in 1892.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born on January 3 1892 and died on September 2 1973
The author, whose full name was John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, lived in Birmingham for fifteen years, leaving in 1911 to begin a English Language degree at Oxford University.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in South Africa in 1892, but his parents were from Birmingham.
For John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, who died in 1973 in retirement in Bournemouth, it would have been a spectacular night with the film adapted from his bookThe Lord of the Rings': The Return of the King winning five of the Bafta Awards, more than any other film.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was just four when his father died and a trip to Birmingham from his South African home to visit relatives turned into a permanent stay.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in 1892 in Bloemfontein, South Africa, although both his parents were originallyfrom Moseley.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien could never have dreamed of such success, says McGrath -- and he actually signed over the film rights in the late 60s.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was christened in the Bloemfontein Cathedral, South Africa, on January 31 1892