John Ross


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Ross, John,

whose name in Cherokee is

Kooweskoowe

(ko͞o'wĭs'ko͞owē`), 1790–1866, Native American chief, b. near Lookout Mt., Tenn., of Scottish and Cherokee parents. He was educated at Kingston, Tenn., and in the War of 1812 served under Andrew Jackson against the Creeks. Elected principal chief of the eastern Cherokee in 1828, Ross struggled valiantly to hold the ancestral lands of his people but was unable to withstand the constant pressure of the state of Georgia for removal. In a treaty (1835) of questionable validity, a small minority of the Cherokee ceded the lands and moved west. Ross and the majority refused to acknowledge the cession, but resistance was unsuccessful, and in 1838–39 he led them on the long, hard journey to present-day Oklahoma. Thousands died on the trip, known in Native American lore as the "trail of tears." From 1839 until his death Ross was chief of the united Cherokee nation (the western Cherokee had migrated at the beginning of the century). He counseled neutrality in the U.S. Civil War, but the Cherokee ultimately supported the Confederacy.

Bibliography

See biography by G. E. Moulton (1986).

Ross, John

 

Born June 24, 1777, in Inch, Scotland; died Aug. 30, 1856, in London. British naval officer and arctic explorer.

In 1818, as head of an expedition searching for the Northwest Passage, Ross followed the west coast of Greenland in Baffin Bay to 76°54’ N lat. and made substantial corrections in the coast’s outline on the map. Turning south, he entered Lancaster Sound but took it for a bay. In the years 1829–33 he headed an expedition that discovered the Boothia Peninsula.

WORKS

Narrative of a Second Voyage in Search of a North-West Passage and of a Residence of the Arctic Regions During the Years 1829–33 [vols. 1–2]. London, 1835.

REFERENCES

Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1962.
Mowat, F. Ispytanie I’dom. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from English.)

Ross, John (b. Coowescoowe)

(1790–1866) Cherokee leader; born on the Coosa River at Tahnoovayah, Ga. His mother was only part Cherokee, his father Scottish. Raised among Christians, he fought in the War of 1812 under Andrew Jackson. He became a member of the Cherokee National Council in 1817 and its president from 1819–26, during which time he helped draft the Cherokee constitution. From 1823–39 he was principal chief of the eastern Cherokee nation. In 1828, he argued and won a case brought before the U.S. Supreme Court designed to prevent U.S. encroachments on Cherokee lands, but President Jackson refused to enforce the decision. Although opposed to land cessions, he signed the Treaty of New Echota in 1838 and led the Cherokee west on the "Trail of Tears." Once in the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), he joined with the western Cherokee and became tribal chief from 1839 until his death.
References in periodicals archive ?
In May, 2013, he was brought by wheelchair into downtown Brockville for the unveiling of the John Ross Matheson Way that runs in front of the city's courthouse.
One of these all-but-unknowns was Captain John Ross, a complex and stubborn sea dog who sailed farther into the unknown than anyone else, discovered the north magnetic pole, and befriended the Inuit.
While John Ross pushed into Baffin Bay in 1818, John Franklin entered the Arctic Ocean east of Greenland.
Although John Ross did not come from a family of wealth or great education, his family was uniquely situated as leaders of the local community, aware of the wider world.
Macdonald then assumed the pen name John Ross Macdonald for such Lew Archer mysteries as The Way Some People Die (1951), The Ivory Grin (1952), Find a Victim (1954), and The Name Is Archer (1955).
THE funeral mass for John Ross, a former director of Punchestown who died in St James's Hospital in Dublin on Tuesday after suffering severe burns in a fire at his home in Grangecon, County Wicklow, will take place tomorrow, writes Tony O'Hehir.
Scottish smokehouse, John Ross Jr (Aberdeen) Ltd, has launched an innovative new Pulled Salmon range following a successful overseas launch with a major European retailer.
S a young artist John Ross was told to paint about what he knew.
John Ross is at the end of the road after losing PS5000 in an advance fee fraud.
John Ross Jr (Aberdeen), launched a limited edition Original Classic Smoked Salmon for the Coronation Festival--a four-day gathering of selected Royal Warrant holders at Buckingham Palace staged to celebrate The Best of British'.
John Ross of Ayr fired over details of his Europa League bet which was PS20 Gareth Bale to score first and 2-1 at 35-1 Spurs and PS20 Bale last and 2-1.
COMPANY director John Ross is breaking out of his comfort zone for a cause which is very close to his heart.