John Rutledge


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Rutledge, John,

1739–1800, American jurist and political leader, 2d chief justice of the United States, b. Charleston, S.C.; brother of Edward RutledgeRutledge, Edward,
1749–1800, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Charleston, S.C.; brother of John Rutledge. He studied law at the Middle Temple, London, and was admitted (1772) to the English bar.
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. After studying law in London he began practice in Charleston, S.C., in 1761. He rose to prominence when quite young, was a member (1762) of the provincial assembly, attorney general of South Carolina (1764–65), and a delegate (1765) to the Stamp Act Congress. He twice (1774–76, 1782–83) was a member of the Continental Congress and meanwhile held strong sway as president (1776–78) of his state and later (1779–82) as governor. As delegate (1787) to the Constitutional Convention, Rutledge played an important role in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution, and then (1788) was a member of the state ratifying convention. After serving (1789–91) as associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court he was chief justice of South Carolina. In July, 1795, he was appointed interim chief justice of the United States and presided at the August term of the Supreme Court, but the Senate (Dec., 1795) refused to confirm the appointment because of his bitter attacks on Jay's TreatyJay's Treaty,
concluded in 1794 between the United States and Great Britain to settle difficulties arising mainly out of violations of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and to regulate commerce and navigation.
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Bibliography

See biography by R. H. Barry (1942, repr. 1971).

Rutledge, John

(1739–1800) governor; born in Charleston, S.C. (brother of Edward Rutledge). Educated in London, he returned to Charleston to become a brilliant lawyer. He was delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses (1774–75), returning home to join the Council of Safety, to serve as the first president of South Carolina (1776–78), and to fight in the American Revolution. As South Carolina's governor (1779–82), he reestablished civil government in a state that had been torn apart by war. A defender of wealth and privilege—and of the slave trade—he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and tried to halt the adoption of direct popular election of the president and Congress. He was one of the first associate justices on the new U.S. Supreme Court (1789–91), but stepped down to become South Carolina's chief justice (1791–95). Nominated in 1795 as chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, he was rejected by the Senate because of his attacks on the recent Jay Treaty.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Committee of Detail consisted of five members, four were lawyers, including John Rutledge a Middle Templar, James Wilson from Philadelphia (who had been a pupil of John Dickenson, a Middle Templar), Oliver Ellsworth and Edmund Randolph.
Despite Jay's emergence as an early front-runner, (20) other names were mentioned as well, including those of three men--William Cushing, John Rutledge, and James Wilson--who were ultimately chosen as Associate Justices.
GLC's Eggsy, aka John Rutledge, says that all you need at Christmas is a coal fire and good friends.
GLC rapper Eggsy, real name John Rutledge, was baffled by it.
com WHERE TO STAY There are a number of cozy historic inns in Charleston, such as the Ansonborough Inn, from $139, or the John Rutledge House Inn - a smart B&B with wrought iron balconies as well as complimentary afternoon tea.
John Rutledge boated five for a total of just over 11lb; George Phillips caught four for his 8.
There is no doubt that David brings years of experience and respect in the industry to our Little Rock team," John Rutledge, president and chief executive officer of First Security Bank Little Rock, said in a press release.
John Rutledge, a 25-year veteran of the printing ink and graphic arts industries, joins Superior Printing Ink as national sales manager.
But John Rutledge, a retired deputy chief of the Eugene Police Department, has since confirmed it.
Even after a new state constitution was adopted in March 1776, the new president, John Rutledge, announced that "no man would embrace a just and equitable accommodation with Great Britain more gladly" than himself.
Groomsmen were Lynn Kirby Robertson of Ocala, Florida; Brian Todd Rudkin of Castle Hayne, North Carolina; Robert Hollis Ray of Jacksonville, Florida; John Rutledge Sanders, Jr.
com/research/cd4782/real_estate_privat) has announced the addition of the "Real Estate Private Equity Trends: ReedLogic Video Seminar with John Rutledge of Oxford Capital Partners" report to their offering.