John Simon


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Simon, John

 

Born Oct. 10, 1816, in London; died there July 23, 1904. British physician and surgeon. Member (from 1845) and vice-president (1879–80) of the Royal Society of London.

Beginning in 1847, Simon was a surgeon at St. Thomas’ Hospital, where he lectured on surgery and taught a course in general pathology. This course was the basis for the first handbook on general pathology in Great Britain, which Simon published in 1850. Simon became the medical officer of health for the city of London in 1848 and the first medical officer for the General Board of Health in 1855. He was the first medical officer to the Privy Council from 1858 to 1871.

In 1854, Simon reported that the high morbidity and mortality rates characteristic of the working class were the result of unfavorable and unsanitary living conditions. He advocated the implementation of preventive medicine and defined the duties and work methods of a physician. He insisted upon the creation of a central public-health organization.

Simon headed a group of specialists and physicians who conducted social hygiene research; this group included E. Greenhow, E. Smith, J. Hunter, G. Buchanan, E. Seaton, and G. Stephens. The results of this work were used by K. Marx in establishing a number of theoretical concepts in the first volume of Das Kapital.

F. Engels wrote “J. Simon … is possibly the last of the old, professional, and conscientious officials of the era of 1840–60, for whom the interests of the bourgeoisie were constantly the main obstacle in performing his duty and who was forced to always fight against them” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed. vol. 35, p. 182).

WORKS

Reports Relating to the Sanitary Condition of the City of London. London, 1854.
Public Health Reports, vols. 1–2. London, 1887.
English Sanitary Institutions, Reviewed in Their Course of Development and in Some of Their Political and Social Relations, 2nd ed. London, 1897.

REFERENCES

Vengrova, I. V. Iz istorii sotsial’noi gigieny ν Anglii XIX veka. Moscow, 1970.
Lambert, R. Sir John Simon 1816–1904 and English Social Administration. London, 1963.

I. V. VENGROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
But John Simon, Mindanao Container Terminal subport collector, said the BOC Northern Mindanao regional office had yet to be advised of the schedule for the reshipment.
BOC-MICT sub-port collector John Simon said it was agreed during a two-day meeting with South Korean environment officials that a ship would be sent to pick up the garbage.
Late British singer / songwriter John Simon Ritchie was better known by what name?
John Simon, PG&E Corporation Interim CEO, said, "The Court's approval of these motions is a positive step forward that will enable PG&E to continue providing safe and reliable natural gas and electric service to our millions of customers.
said that CEO Geisha Williams resigned, and that John Simon will serve as interim chief executive.
She is a fellow of Yad-do and the MacDowell Colony and was a 2006 fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and a 2009 fellow of the New York Foundation for the Arts.
fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Radcliffe
He has served as the Director of the Harriet Monroe Poetry Institute at Poetry Foundation, and was the receipt of the prestigious John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship in Poetry in spring 2018.
JERICHO BROWN is the recipient of fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University.
Louis issued a call for more of the organization's members to take up pro bono cases for Saint Louisans in need of their services.<br />"This organization is a sleeping giant," said John Simon of The Simon Law Firm near the close of BAMSL's annual Law Day luncheon on May 2 at the Ritz-Carlton, St.
john SIMON BERGHAN 6 Strong in the loose and a welcome return to the team.
It's an unbelievably hackneyed and mawkish mish-mash of backstage plots and "Peyton Place" adumbrations in which five women are involved with their assorted egotistical aspirations, love affairs, and Seconal pills all a fairly respectful admirer of movies can do is laugh at it and turn away." And on the [non-translatable text]David Frost Show,[non-translatable text] pinched homunculus John Simon queried Susann, "Do you think you are writing art, or are you writing trash to make a lot of money?" Susann answered, [non-translatable text]Little man, I am telling a story.