John VIII


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John VIII,

d. 882, pope (872–82), a Roman; successor of Adrian II. John strenuously opposed the activities of St. Ignatius of ConstantinopleIgnatius of Constantinople, Saint,
c.800–877, Greek churchman, patriarch of Constantinople. A son of Byzantine Emperor Michael I, he was castrated and shut up in a monastery (813) by the man who deposed his father, Emperor Leo V, to prevent his succession to the throne.
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 in Bulgaria. When Ignatius died, John recognized PhotiusPhotius
, c.820–892?, Greek churchman and theologian, patriarch of Constantinople, b. Constantinople. He came of a noble Byzantine family. Photius was one of the most learned men of his time, a professor in the university at Constantinople and, under Byzantine Emperor
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 as patriarch and called the council (879–80) that momentarily reconciled the differences between East and West. John was deeply involved in imperial politics. He crowned Charles IICharles II
or Charles the Bald,
823–77, emperor of the West (875–77) and king of the West Franks (843–77); son of Emperor Louis I by a second marriage.
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 (Charles the Bald) emperor and excommunicated the future Pope Formosus for opposition to his policy. When Charles II lost his power, John favored Charles the Fat, who became emperor as Charles III. The pope had to bribe the Saracens to keep them from entering Rome. He did much to root out corruption in the church in Rome, and, except for Nicholas I, he was the strongest pope of the 9th cent. He was assassinated by his own relatives. Marinus I succeeded him.

John VIII

(John Palaeologus), 1390–1448, Byzantine emperor (1425–48), son and successor of Manuel II. When he acceded, the Byzantine Empire had been reduced by the Turks to the city of Constantinople. John sought in vain to secure Western aid by agreeing at the Council of Florence (1439) to the union of the Eastern and Western churches. His brother, Constantine XI, succeeded him in 1449 and was the last Byzantine emperor.
References in periodicals archive ?
This time the Byzantine Emperor John VIII came himself with his saintly Patriarch of Constantinople, Joseph II.
Pope John VIII (872-882) named the new church Sancta Ecclesia Marabensis in a letter he sent to the Moravian ruler Svatopluk, she says, and charged it with the pastoral care of the Slavic peoples living beyond the eastern border of the Carolingian realm.
Experts from the museums and numismatics communities, Barber Institute trustees, friends of the Barber and staff from the gallery and university, enjoyed a champagne reception with canapes after looking at the two sketches - one of which, a portrait of the Byzantine emperor John VIII, had never been seen in Britain before.
They are a rare chalk portrait of the Byzantine Emperor John VIII, which has never before been displayed in Britain, together with a page of sketches of the emperor on horseback.
Few legends associated with the history of the Roman Catholic pontificate have been as persistent as that of the "popess" Joan--the cross-dressing "she-pope," or "whore-pope," who allegedly ruled the see as John VIII before succumbing two years later to lust, pregnancy, and death either from childbirth or a Roman lynch mob.
The myth is that Pope John VIII - who occupied the papal chair from 853 to 855 - gave birth on a trip through Rome.
Most engaging, most revealing, and most immediate are Pisanello's lively pen and ink sketches of John VIII and his retinue (1438-1439, Musee du Louvre, Paris).
We have register fragments from Gregory I (a large one: 866 letters), Gregory II, Leo IV, and John VIII, for example, but nothing like the full papal archives.
The clique had John VIII murdered in AD 882, beginning the first takeover of Vatican authority.
As is well known, the Plato-Aristotle controversy in the Renaissance began with George Gemistos Plethon's On the Differences of Aristotle from Plato (De differentiis), written in Florence when this Byzantine scholar attended the Church Council (1439) as part of the Greek delegation of Emperor John VIII Palaeologos.
Hollywood insiders believe she is poised to play the woman who pretended to be Pope John VIII 1,000 years ago.