John XXII


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John XXII,

1244–1334, pope (1316–34), a Frenchman (b. Cahors) named Jacques Duèse; successor of Clement V. Formerly, he was often called John XXI. He reigned at Avignon. John was celebrated as a canon lawyer under Boniface VIII, whom he supported. After the death of Clement there was a period of more than two years before the conclave could agree. Before John's election a contest had begun for the title of Holy Roman Emperor between Louis IVLouis IV
or Louis the Bavarian,
1287?–1347, Holy Roman emperor (1328–47) and German king (1314–47), duke of Upper Bavaria. After the death of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII the Luxemburg party among the electors set aside Henry's son, John of Luxemburg,
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 of Bavaria and his rival, Frederick of Austria. John was neutral at first; then in 1323, when Louis had won and became Holy Roman emperor, pope and emperor began a serious quarrel. This was partly provoked by John's extreme claims of authority over the empire and partly by Louis's support of the spiritual Franciscans, whom John XXII condemned for their insistence on evangelical poverty. Louis was assisted by Marsilius of Padua, who in 1324 published his exposition of his theories Defensor pacis, and later by William of Ockham. The emperor invaded Italy and set up (1328) as an antipope Pietro Rainalducci (as Nicholas V). The project was a fiasco, but Louis silenced the papal claims. In John's last years he advanced a theory concerning the vision of God in heaven or the beatific vision; the novelty he proposed (that this vision will begin only after the Last Judgment) was widely denied and scorned by theologians, and John subsequently modified it. He was an excellent administrator and did much efficient reorganizing. He was succeeded by Benedict XII.
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John XXII

original name Jacques Du?se. ?1244--1334, pope (1316--34), residing at Avignon; involved in a long conflict with the Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV and opposed the Franciscan Spirituals
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the proofreading irritations is the frequent substitution of John XXIII for John XXII, an understandable but regrettable error, alas not confined to this publisher.
This article revisits certain aspects of the discussion originated by dissident Franciscans over the two keys conferred by Christ on Peter, bringing it into connection with the value that Ockham and John XXII respectively accord to knowledge and power in the definition of doctrine.
"What makes Absolute Monarchs a worthwhile read is not simply those occasional dynamic popes--Urban II or Innocent III--or even that bloody sequence of six popes in seven years in the late ninth century, or the plethora of arcane facts (John VIII, the first pope murdered, or John XXII, who founded Chateauneuf-du-Pape), but rather the entire wide-screen sweep of the book.
(One traditionalist Catholic blog suggested that Benedict's words on condoms belong in the same category as Pope John XXII's views on the beatific vision in the 14th century, later renounced as heresy.)
Thus Braun (86) has the Council of Constance deposing the long-deceased John XXII instead of (the first) John XXIII, and Maryks repeats without qualification the mistaken early-Jesuit belief that the great fifteenth-century French theologian Jean Gerson was the author of their beloved Initiation of Christ.
Pope John XXII heard about the teenager's miraculous escape and had the church built on the place of the stake.
Pope John XXII heard about the teenager's lucky escape, deemed it a miracle and had the church built on the place of the stake.
They are finding not just the creature of Pope John XXII, but a philosopher and theologian who held and adeptly defended unique and often controversial positions, and whose impact extended beyond the religious and chronological confines of medieval Christendom.
In 1317 he escaped an attempt by some of his subordinates to murder him, but two years later he was deposed by Pope John XXII. The Hospitallers went on to turn Rhodes into a formidable fortress with massive walls and gates, and a harbour protected by chains and booms.
Jacopone and the Celestinians are not mentioned as sources in the development of the concepts of property in the De ecclesiastica potestate of Giles of Rome and other Augustinian theologians before Pope John XXII's assaults on the Spiritual Franciscans in 1317-18.
We have arguments from patristic fathers, Pope John XXII, Roberto Bellarmino and his Lutheran opponent Johann Gerhard, Anglican Jeremy Taylor, Pierre Gassendi, and Lodovico Antonio Muratori's contemporary attack.
Superbly organized and a work of impeccable scholarship, Papal Legislation On Sacred Music begins with chapters on the earlier Popes, John XXII and "Docta Sanctorum Patrum", the Council of Trent, and the Medicean Edition of the Chant Books, to church and religious music of the sixteenth through nineteenth centuries, the Ratisbon and Solesmes editions of the Chant Books, the reforms of Pius X, the Vatican Edition of the Chant Books, the "Motu Proprio" of November 22, 1903, and the final chapter "Conclusions".