John XXIII


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John XXIII,

antipope: see Cossa, BaldassareCossa, Baldassare
, c.1370–1419, Neapolitan churchman, antipope (1410–15; see Schism, Great) with the name John XXIII. He had a military career before entering the service of the church.
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John XXIII

 

(Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli). Born Nov. 25, 1881, in Sotto il Monte, Bergamo; died June 3, 1963, in the Vatican. Pope; elected in 1958.

Between 1925 and 1953, John XXIII was the papal nuncio in a number of countries; he served as patriarch of Venice in 1953–58 and held the office of cardinal from 1953. John XXIII introduced new Vatican policies designed to help the Catholic Church adapt to changing world conditions. He advocated peaceful coexistence between states with different social systems and was in favor of disarmament and the peaceful settlement of international disputes. He convened the Second Vatican Council in 1962 in order that the Catholic Church might chart a new course and consolidate its position.

John XXIII

original name Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli. 1881--1963, pope (1958--63). He promoted ecumenism and world peace and summoned the second Vatican Council (1962--65)
References in periodicals archive ?
Few had confidence that John XXIII (the Pisa pope) was the man to solve the problem; it was said that he was "great in temporal things and a zero in spiritual matters.
To the Vatican II generation, who see John XXIII as a reformer of the ages, audacity personified, this is news: "[H]e chose to correct the minimum dimension.
As required by Church protocol and part of the canonisation ceremony, Pope Francis was asked thrice if the two popes should be saints, and he replied, reading the Latin canonisation text: "We declare and define John XXIII and John Paul II to be saints and we enroll them among the saints decreeing that they are to be venerated as such by the whole church.
John XXIII, reigned from 1958 to 1963 and called the modernising Second Vatican Council.
Relics of each man - a container of blood from John Paul II and skin from John XXIII - were placed near the altar.
As the service came to an end, Pope Francis said in Latin: "We declare and define Blessed John XXIII and John Paul II to be saints and we enrol them among the saints, decreeing that they are to be venerated as such by the whole Church.
VATICAN CITY: Pope Francis proclaimed his predecessors John XXIII and John Paul II saints in front of more than half a million pilgrims Sunday, hailing both as courageous men who withstood the tragedies of the 20th century.
Upon his choosing the name, there was some confusion as to whether he would be known as John XXIII or John XXIV; in response, he declared that he was John XXIII, thus affirming the antipapal status of anti-Pope John XXIII.
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, the future Pope John XXIII, was born to peasants in the northern Italian town of Bergamo in 1881, became a priest, and served in the Italian army during World War I.
Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev will attend the canonization ceremony of blessed John XXIII and John Paul II in Vatican City on April 27.
Previously, Queen Elizabeth also visited Pius XII and John XXIII in the Vatican.