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antipope: see Cossa, BaldassareCossa, Baldassare
, c.1370–1419, Neapolitan churchman, antipope (1410–15; see Schism, Great) with the name John XXIII. He had a military career before entering the service of the church.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli). Born Nov. 25, 1881, in Sotto il Monte, Bergamo; died June 3, 1963, in the Vatican. Pope; elected in 1958.

Between 1925 and 1953, John XXIII was the papal nuncio in a number of countries; he served as patriarch of Venice in 1953–58 and held the office of cardinal from 1953. John XXIII introduced new Vatican policies designed to help the Catholic Church adapt to changing world conditions. He advocated peaceful coexistence between states with different social systems and was in favor of disarmament and the peaceful settlement of international disputes. He convened the Second Vatican Council in 1962 in order that the Catholic Church might chart a new course and consolidate its position.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


original name Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli. 1881--1963, pope (1958--63). He promoted ecumenism and world peace and summoned the second Vatican Council (1962--65)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Last month, the Vatican had declared the "heroic virtues" of John XXIII.
But a new pastoral pope like John XXIII who listens to what the Spirit says through the experience of the people of God could go a long way to restore respect for the church and heal the deep wounds still to be found among most lesbian and gay Catholics.
That redoubtable champion of the 19th-century papacy, Louis Veuillot, is consistently called "Viuellot," and the statement that John XXIII's five-year pontificate was the shortest for two centuries (272) holds good only if one overlooks the brief reign (1829-1830) of Pius VIII.
The ecumenical pope, John XXIII, was a serious student of church history, and he acknowledged that the Catholic church had not always lived the authentic gospel of Jesus Christ.
In his own way, John XXIII adopted this attitude with regard to the government of the church, when he repeated the motto, 'See everything; turn a blind eye to much; correct a little.' John XXIII saw all things, the maximum dimension, but he chose to correct a few, the minimum dimension.
This makes the double canonization of John XXIII and John Paul n quite a rare event.
While much of the focus of Sunday's dual canonization will be on the globe-trotting, 26-year papacy of Pope John Paul II and his near-record sprint to sainthood, many older Catholics will be celebrating the short but historic pontificate of the ''Good Pope,'' John XXIII.
He reportedly cured a seriously ill woman but Pope Francis declared John XXIII a saint without a second miracle.
Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi said that Francis waved the customary rules which require a second miracle after beatification in the case of Pope John XXIII. ( ANI )
Such was the case in 2000, when John Paul beatified John XXIII (1958-1963) , dubbed the "good pope," alongside Pope Pius IX, who was criticised by Jews for condoning the seizure of a Jewish boy and allegedly referring to Jews as dogs.
2009 contains an error in the way it suggests at the very end that the body of Pope John XXIII is "incorrupt." This, in fact, is not declared to be so by instruction of the Vatican as there is a clear scientific possibility to explain this as merely a "perfect embalming process" where a doctor's sworn statement was taken as part of the evidence.