John of Ephesus


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John of Ephesus

(ĕf`əsəs), c.505–c.585, Syrian Monophysite historian, bishop of Ephesus. He became a leader of the Monophysites (see MonophysitismMonophysitism
[Gr.,=belief in a single nature], a heresy of the 5th and 6th cent., which grew out of a reaction against Nestorianism. It was anticipated by Apollinarianism and was continuous with the principles of Eutyches, whose doctrine had been rejected in 451 at Chalcedon
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), and Byzantine Emperor Justinian, whose favor he enjoyed, set him over the Monophysite community in Constantinople. John suffered greatly in the persecution of his sect after 571. His Ecclesiastical History makes an unusual effort to avoid prejudice. It is especially valuable for the events of the 6th cent. He is also called John of Asia.
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Among their topics are sources of spiritual truthfulness in late antique texts and life, the boundaries of orthodoxy in the works of Athansius and John of Ephesus, the emergence of martyrs' shrines in late antique Iran, imperial patronage of icons from Justinian II to Leo III, the Saint Syrus dossier and hagiography as an instrument for political claims in Carolingian northern Italy, and hagiography and authority in ninth-century Francia.
An eyewitness account from Syrian Bishop John Of Ephesus, says: "The sun became dark.
Shahid lays out the record of treachery, conspiracy, betrayal, and deception, which were not myths or mere paranoia and propaganda on the part of John of Ephesus. They were part of that historical reality.
The religious politics of Constantinople in these years were tense, and divisions went deep, as can be seen from the Monophysite account, very hostile to Eutychius, given in John of Ephesus' Ecclesiastical History (contrast Evagrius' Chalcedonian version, composed in the 590S).