John of Salisbury

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Salisbury, John of:

see John of SalisburyJohn of Salisbury
, c.1110–1180, English scholastic philosopher, b. Salisbury. He studied in France at Paris and Chartres under Abelard and other famous teachers. He was secretary to Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and friend and secretary to St.
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John of Salisbury

(sôlz`bərē), c.1110–1180, English scholastic philosopher, b. Salisbury. He studied in France at Paris and Chartres under Abelard and other famous teachers. He was secretary to Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and friend and secretary to St. Thomas à Becket, of whom he wrote a biography. From 1176 to 1180, John was bishop of Chartres. His two main works are the Polycraticus, a treatise on the principles of government, and the Metalogicus, which presents a picture of the intellectual life and the scholastic controversies of the age. He was well acquainted with the Latin classics, and the influence of Platonism on his writing is considerable. He was one of the originators of moderate realismrealism,
in philosophy. 1 In medieval philosophy realism represented a position taken on the problem of universals. There were two schools of realism. Extreme realism, represented by William of Champeaux, held that universals exist independently of both the human mind and
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 as a solution to the controversy with nominalism.


See two selections from the Polycraticus—The Statesman's Book of John of Salisbury (tr. by J. Dickinson, 1927, repr. 1963) and Frivolities of Courtiers (tr. by J. P. Pike, 1938, repr. 1972); M. J. Wilks, ed., The World of John of Salisbury (1985).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

John of Salisbury


Born 1115 or 1120 in Salisbury; died Oct. 25, 1180, in Chartres (?). English theologian.

John of Salisbury was secretary to Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas à Becket, and he supported him in his struggle against King Henry II of England. He dedicated his principal work, Policraticus, to Becket; in it he set forth his political and ethical views (particularly his substantiation of the idea that secular power must be subordinate to spiritual power). His book also contained information on the history of philosophical doctrines. He also wrote a treatise entitled Metalogicon (an introduction to Aristotelian logic) and Historia pontificalis, which dealt with the years 1143 through 1152.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

John of Salisbury

died 1180, English ecclesiastic and scholar; bishop of Chartres (1176--80). He supported Thomas ? Becket against Henry II
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Then he traces thinking about it from Boethius' (480-525) commentary on Porphyry to English philosopher John of Salisbury (1120-1180).
John of Salisbury repeatedly describes the prince as an executioner (carnifex).
John of Salisbury was a beacon of the so-called Twelfth-Century Renaissance.
The second explores the twelfth-century revival of Neoplatonic Virgilian exegesis in the works of Bernard Silvestris and John of Salisbury, with emphasis by the former on integration of Macrobian exegetical principles to determine poetic fiction versus philosophical truth with complementary considerations of an author's intention, method, and purpose.
In chapter 9, "Clerics, Canon Law, Crusaders and Culture," Huffman discusses examples of expatriate English scholars such as Gerard Pucelle, a contemporary of John of Salisbury, who ventured to Cologne in 1180 and helped develop a school of canon law in the city, reminding us that cities other than Paris were significant centres of learning in northern Europe during the twelfth century.
Other authors go back as far as John of Salisbury (twelfth century), Hobbes (early seventeenth) and Locke (late seventeenth), but concentrate on three.
But the reader should be aware that it contains seven articles on John of Salisbury, including important information on his doctrine of tyrannicide.
These are, however, placed within the context of European approaches to the three tenets of the title, also thus involving discussion of earlier writings by John of Salisbury, Aegidius Colonna, and Boccaccio.
That treatise, the Liber de Panibus by Peter of Celle, was actually discussed by John of Salisbury in a letter that seems securely dated to ca.
If he were correct, then we would have to conclude that John of Salisbury, for example, had actually taught in Exeter, something for which there is, I think, absolutely no evidence.
1222) is a puzzle, as it is stylistically quite inconsistent with the other Lives, and only the first 769 lines, based upon John of Salisbury's prose life, are included in the edition.
Citing intellectual and prolific writer John of Salisbury as both bewildering and engaging, Grellard, Lachaud, and their expert contributors examine one of the main figures of the twelfth century, who bore witness to his period through the lens of his membership in different realms-sometimes mutually exclusiveuthe Curia, schools, princely courts, and the cloister.