John Law

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Law, John


Born Apr. 21, 1671, in Scotland; died Mar. 21, 1729, in Venice. Scottish financier.

Law established what is referred to as the Law system, which was based on the issue of unbacked paper money. Believing that paper money in and of itself has a certain value, Law stated that intensive issuing of such currency would have a favorable effect on business activity and the growth of national wealth. Law’s proposition found support in the court circles of France, which was then on the brink of financial disaster. In 1716 a private bank was established (it was converted into a state bank in 1718), the currency of which was guaranteed in the king’s name, and Law became minister of finance of France. However, as a result of excessive issuing of paper currency not backed by gold or silver, the state bank went broke in 1720, and Law fled abroad. Law’s system played a role in the creation of the concepts of the Physiocrats. “The emergence of Physiocracy was connected both with opposition to Colbertism and, in particular, with the hullabaloo over the John Law system” (K. Marx, see Marx and F. Engels, Soch, 2nd ed., vol. 26, part 1, p. 31).


Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1934. (Published by P. Harsin).


Anikin, A. V. lunost’ nauki Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
laying down the law Portstewart have been in great form under boss Johnny Law
Between you, me, and Johnny Law, here's what happened to my homemade AK Back in my garage I use a grinding wheel to cut the receiver in half and the other components into pieces.
Jim McCluskey popped in the first goal, Johnny Law got the second before Chris Moore's goal for the visitors.
NEWBUILDINGS UNITED - with the youngest squad of any of the eight clubs left in this season's Match Intermediate Cup - have been drawn at home to Johnny Law's Portstewart in the quarter-finals.
Barry Curran and Davy King scored for Limavady, who had Johnny Law red-carded after 30 minutes.
JOHNNY LAW has hailed his Portstewart side's new-found goal threat as they target a big finish to the campaign.
Seahawks manager Johnny Law (below) told Match On Tuesday: "Portstewart as a club refute any comments made by Sport and Leisure in regards to the unsavoury scenes at Seahaven on Saturday.
John Watt bagged a brace and Ryan Doherty also got his name on the scoresheet in a big win for Johnny Law's side.
JOHNNY LAW wants his talented Portstewart players to put themselves in the shop window this season.
JOHNNY Law is a born winner and he's already made that clear in his two PIL games in charge of Portstewart.
Summer arrival Saul McCaughan notched both of his side's goals in another impressive performance by Johnny Law's side.
Goals courtesy of David McClements, Ryan Doherty, Luke McDowell and James Peden got the Johnny Law regime off to the perfect start.