violet(redirected from Johnny-jump-up)
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violet, common name for some members of the Violaceae, a family of chiefly perennial herbs (and sometimes shrubs, small trees, or climbers) found on all continents. Violets, including the genus Viola and similar related species, are popular as florists', garden, and wildflowers. Of this large group, with its fragrant blossoms ranging from deep purple to yellow or white, over 60 species are native to the United States and well over 100 varieties are offered in trade as ornamentals. Florists' violets are usually the sweet, or English, violet (V. odorata). Garden violets (often called violas) are generally hybrids and may be purple, blue, rose, yellow, white, or combinations of these, sometimes with double flowers. It became the flower of Athens; followers of Napoleon, who promised to return from Elba with violets in the spring, used the blossom as a badge; and in the United States a violet is the floral emblem of three states (New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin). The flavors of various species, particularly the sweet violet, have been used for perfume, dye, and medicine and have been candied. The common pansy was originally derived, long ago, from the Old World V. tricolor, one of several species called heartsease and Johnny-jump-up; the Eastern field pansy, a wildflower of North America, is a separate species. Some unrelated plants are also called violets, e.g., the African violet of the family Gesneriaceae (gesneria family) and the dog-toothed violet of the family Liliaceae (lily family). True violets are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Violales, family Violaceae.
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Another famous edible flower (including leaves) with a sweet perfumes flavor. Violets are floral, sweet and beautiful as garnishes in salads, desserts and drinks. Heart-shaped leaves with slightly serrated edges are edible, and tasty when cooked like spinach. Flowers may be deep purple, blue, pink, or white. All have 5 petals, which may have a yellow (fur) or beard on the inside of two of the petals. Whole plant is edible, including roots. Tea from whole plant used for digestive disorders and headache. (contains saliclic acid- “aspirin”). Flowers and leaves commonly used for respiratory ailments associated with congestion, coughing, and sore throat. Root powder is laxative. Taking too much of the root may cause vomiting. Plant contains eugenol, ferulic-acid, kaempferol, quercetin, scopoletin, which are used in the treatment of cancer, AIDS, arthritis, gum disease, expelling parasites and treating malignant growths. Anti-inflammatory, can be used internally and externally for pimples, abscesses, tumors, and swollen glands. Put flowers in bath. Relaxing aroma.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
What does it mean when you dream about a violet?
A light shade of purple and pink, violet is regarded as a spiritual color by many religions. It symbolizes purification and illumination.
The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
The hue evoked in an average observer by monochromatic radiation having a wavelength in the approximate range from 390 to 455 nanometers; however, the same sensation can be produced in a variety of other ways.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
symbol of faithfulness. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 178; Kunz, 327]
of then city-state Athens. [Flower Symbolism: Brewer Note-Book, 334]
of Illinois, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 630]
See: Flower, State
Christian liturgical color; worn during Lent and Advent. [Color Symbolism: Jobes, 357]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
any of a group of colours that vary in saturation but have the same purplish-blue hue. They lie at one end of the visible spectrum, next to blue; approximate wavelength range 445--390 nanometres
1. any of various temperate perennial herbaceous plants of the violaceous genus Viola, such as V. odorata (sweet (or garden) violet), typically having mauve or bluish flowers with irregular showy petals
2. any other plant of the genus Viola, such as the wild pansy
3. any of various similar but unrelated plants, such as the African violet
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005