Johnson, Eyvind(ü`vĭnt), 1900–1976, Swedish novelist and short-story writer. After working as a laborer in the north of Sweden, Johnson moved to Stockholm in 1919 and began to write. He is best known outside Sweden for his cycle of four autobiographical novels entitled Romanen om Olov [the novel about Olov] (1934–37), which is noted for its extraordinary psychological penetration. Johnson wrote more than 40 works, including the novels Grupp Krilon (1941), Krilon själv (1943), Return to Ithaca (1946, tr. 1952), The Days of His Grace (1960, tr. 1968), and Livsdagen long (1964) and the collection of short stories Sju liv (1944). Considered one of the foremost Swedish writers of the 20th cent., Johnson shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Literature with his countryman Harry Martinson.
Born July 29, 1900, near Boden. Swedish writer. Member of the Swedish Academy (1957); co-recipient of the Nobel Prize with H. Martinson (1974).
Johnson’s first collection of short stories, Four Strangers (1924), was followed by the novel Timans and Justice (1925), in which he denounces Christianity as hostile to the emancipation of the working class. The influence of psychoanalysis may be seen in his novel Remembered (1928). A factory owner is depicted with caustic irony in the novel Commentary on a Falling Star (1929), and the cycle of novels about Olof (1934–37) portrays the lives of working-class youth. Johnson’s novel Night Maneuvers (1938) and the trilogy Krilon: A Novel About the Possible (1941–43) attack fascism. His novellas Pan Against Sparta (1946) and Surf (1946) and his historical novels Dreams About Roses and Fire (1949) and Storm Clouds Over Metapontion (1957) show the influence of symbolism. Another notable historical work is The Age of His Greatness (1960), a novel about the reign of Charlemagne.
WORKSSpar förbi kolonos. [Stockholm, 1961.]
In Russian translation:
[“Rasskazy.”] In the collection Shvedskaia novella XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1964.
REFERENCESvensk litteratur 1900–1950 Stockholm .
Andersson, U. “Eyvind Johnson i Grekland.” Ny Dag, Jan. 2, 1962.
A. V. MAMONTOV