Jack Johnson

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Johnson, Jack

(John Arthur Johnson), 1878–1946, American boxer, b. Galveston, Tex., the son of two ex-slaves. Emerging from the battle royals (dehumanizing fights between blacks for the amusement of white patrons) of his youth, he defeated Tommy Burns in 1908 to become the world's first African-American heavyweight champion. After an interracial marriage and his defeat of several white hopefuls, Johnson was convicted in 1913 under contrived circumstances for violation of a federal law. He fled to Europe and remained a champion in exile until he lost in a 1915 bout in Cuba, knocked out in the 26th round by Jess Willard. Upon his return to the United States in 1920, he served a year in prison.

Bibliography

See biographies by R. Roberts (1985) and G. C. Ward (2004).

Johnson, (John Arthur) Jack

(1878–1946) boxer; born in Galveston, Texas. The first black to win the world heavyweight title, he was one of boxing's greatest and most controversial champions. He worked as a janitor, dockhand, and stableboy before becoming a professional boxer in 1899. After winning the title in 1908 with a knockout of Tommy Burns, he defended the championship against a succession of "great white hopes," including former champion James J. Jeffries, who came out of a six-year retirement in 1910 only to be knocked out in the 15th round. Because of his flamboyance and self-confidence—and his marriage to a white woman—Johnson incurred the wrath of racist politicians and religious leaders who successfully secured a Mann Act conviction against him in 1913. He took sanctuary in Europe and lost the championship in 1915 to Jess Willard by a knockout in the 26th round. Johnson later returned to the U.S.A. to serve his sentence and to fight in boxing exhibitions. He spent his final years operating nightclubs and working in carnivals. He posted a career record of 78 wins, eight losses, and 12 no-decisions, with 45 knockouts. A play (1968) and motion picture (1970) based on his life, The Great White Hope, starred James Earl Jones.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dalglish opted for fresh legs as a triple switch saw Martin Kelly, John Flanagan and Jonjo Shelvey replace Johnson, Jack Robinson and Adam.
ENGLAND Under-21 trio Michael Johnson, Jack Rodwell and Danny Welbeck have pulled out of the squad to face Portugal at Wembley on Saturday.
Teacher Daniel Holmes is pictured with goalkeeper Sean Nettleton, with trophy, and team members Christian Durkin, Jack Cross, Jack Field, Anthony Wilson, Ross Teasdale, Steven Roberts, Louis Johnson, Jack Carman and Mitchell Sizer Picture by IAN McINTYRE
Honors: Alecia Bishop, Georgia Brigham, Rachel Buffone, James Casey, Melissa Charette, Patrick Doyle, Cody Giampa, Noah Johnson, Jack O'Brien, John Pearson and Alicia Setaro.
He joins a list of declared and potential candidates including ministers Harriet Harman, Alan Johnson, Jack Straw and Peter Hain.
Gwen Johnson, Jack Elam, Franco Corelli, Bryan Gaston, Andrew Taxdal, Kyle Weech, Penny Singleton, Oscar Johnson, Robert Y.
And what about those beforehand, Rocky Marciano, Jack Johnson, Jack Dempsey, Joe Louis, Jersey Joe Walcott, Bob Fitzsimmons, Gene Tunney, Ezzard Charles.
The trio of Higham Lane School's Richard Johnson, Jack Simpson from Nicholas Chamberlaine and Coventry Woodlands' Lee Parry face Leicestershire at Hinckley Rugby Club in the near future after losing to Yorkshire narrowly last weekend.
The Waiters, made up of Adam Tait, Daniel Johnson, Jack Errington and Martin King, will take to the stage at the Christmas Live event at Metro Radio Arena next Friday, in front of a adio Arena next Friday, in front of a packed crowd of 10,000 people.
The six children off to the Story Telling Festival in Bremen - all aged 10 or 11 - are Bailey Johnson, Jack Winn, Matthew Sayer, Caitlin Meek, Jodie Dobbin and Chloe Taylor.
EXCITING LINE-UP: the Giants' rising stars line-up at the Galpharm Stadium (from left): Ryan Barnaby, Joel Farrell, Jake Shoel, Elliott Gorman, Kyle Mayall, Josh Johnson, Jack Blagbrough, Peter Aspinall, Nathan Mason (JH080710Aacademy-02)
Joey Johnson, Jack Ray and Curtis Mackie all found the net.