Johnson, James P.

Johnson, James P. (Price)

(1891–1955) jazz musician; born in Brunswick, N.J. An important influence on Duke Ellington, he emerged in New York after 1912 as the leading exponent of the stride piano school. He wrote over 200 songs, including "Charleston," scored several musical revues, including Runnin' Wild in 1923, and premiered his extended work "Yamecraw" at Carnegie Hall in 1928. He made numerous piano rolls and small group recordings between 1917–51.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.