Johnson, Judy(William Julius Johnson), 1899–1989, American baseball player, b. Snow Hill, Md. His father, a boxing coach, wanted him to be a prizefighter, but he started playing semipro baseball in 1919 and was the third baseman for the Negro National League's Hilldale Daisies of Darby, Pa., by 1920. In 1925 the Daisies beat the Kansas City Monarchs to win the Colored World Series. He then played for the Homestead Grays (1929–30), becoming its player-manager and discovering and mentoring Josh GibsonGibson, Josh
(Joshua Gibson) 1911–47, American baseball player, b. Buena Vista, Ga. A catcher and the long-time batterymate of Satchel Paige, Gibson was called "the Babe Ruth of the Negro Leagues.
..... Click the link for more information. . Johnson returned to the Hilldale Club (1931–32), then was recruited by the Pittsburgh Crawfords, which he soon captained. Retiring after the 1936 season, he worked as a cab driver and a grocer until becoming a scout and coach for several major league teams. His ability to discover and develop talent led him to become the first African-American spring training coach in the major leagues, for the Philadelphia Phillies (1954–74). Johnson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1975.
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Johnson, (William Julius) Judy(1899–1989) baseball player; born in Snow Hill, Md. As a third baseman for the Homestead Grays, Pittsburgh Crawfords, and other teams of the 1920s and 1930s black baseball leagues, he was one of the great clutch hitters of the game. He hit over .300 during most seasons. In 1975 he was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.