Robert Johnson

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Johnson, Robert,

1911–38, African-American blues singer, guitarist, and songwriter, b. Hazelhurst, Miss. A sharecropper's son, he grew up absorbing the music of Delta bluesmen, learning the harmonica and then mastering the guitar. Johnson left home around 1930 and for the rest of his life traveled the country, playing and singing at parties, juke joints, barrelhouses, and other venues. His reedy voice and virtuoso guitar technique combined in a classic blues sound, plaintive and lonely. The vagaries of love and evil are the themes of many of the songs he sang, whether written by others or himself, e.g., "Terraplane Blues" and "Hellhound on My Trail." In San Antonio (1936) and Dallas (1937) he recorded 29 blues songs, but a year later he was poisoned by a jealous husband. Though all that remains of his legendary work are those Texas recordings, Johnson's influence has been profound, on later blues players and on rock and rollers, some of whom, e.g., the Rolling StonesRolling Stones,
English rock music group that rose to prominence in the mid-1960s and continues to exert great influence. Members have included singer Mick Jagger (Michael Phillip Jagger), 1943–; guitarists Brian Jones
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 and Eric ClaptonClapton, Eric Patrick,
1945–, British guitarist, singer, and songwriter, b. Ripley, Surrey, England. A seminal figure in rock music, he is noted especially for his virtuoso guitar playing, whose style is based on American blues as played by "T-Bone" Walker, B. B.
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, have recorded his songs.


See his lyrics ed. by B. Groom and B. Yates (1969); biographies by P. Guralnick (1989) and S. Calt (2001); P. R. Schroeder, Robert Johnson, Mythmaking, and Contemporary American Culture (2004), and E. Wald, Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues (2004).

Johnson, Robert

(1911–38) musician; born in Hazelhurst, Miss. A singer-guitarist, he was the most celebrated and legendary of the Mississippi Delta bluesmen. An itinerant performer, he played on street corners and in juke joints throughout the Deep South before he was poisoned to death at the age of 27. In 1936–37, he recorded 29 songs in Dallas and San Antonio, most of which are staples of the blues and rock repertoires. Johnson's musical brilliance and tormented sensibility were ascribed to his Faustian bargain with the devil, a myth that remains at the heart of the blues. In 1990, a retrospective collection of Johnson's recordings became a million-selling album. The movie Crossroads is one of numerous attempts at elucidating his obscure life.
References in periodicals archive ?
AcademyHealth is grateful for the support provided by the Rockefeller Foundation, the International Development Research Centre, Johnson & Johnson, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, and the Nuffield Trust.
There are, of course, men admired in these volumes--men such as William Johnson, Robert Rogers, and George Croghan.
Upon moving to the United States, Leyva began working with several famous architects such as Philip Johnson, Robert A.
Hughes, who has drafted in Cardiff City youngster Rhys Weston, Coventry City's new signing Paul Trollope and Brentford midfielder Paul Evans into the squad, is also without Iwan Roberts, Mark Pembridge, Kit Symons, Carl Robinson, Andy Johnson, Robert Earnshaw and Mark Crossley.
Also newly-elected to the board are: Jerry Cargill, Glazer's Family of Companies; Mel Dick, Southern Wine & Spirits; Ray Herrmann, Sunbelt Beverage Corporation; John Calmeyer, Allied Domecq Wines USA; Martin Johnson, Robert Mondavi Winery; John Ledbetter, Ledhetter/Vino Farms; Jeff Maiken, Zaca Mesa Winery; Heidi Scheid, Scheid Vineyards.
Military Academy and the author of Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Lies That Led to Vietnam (1997).
Mutual Contempt: Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, and the Feud that Defined a Decade.
JEFF SHESOL, Mutual Contempt: Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, and the Feud that Defined a Decade (New York: Norton, 1997), 475 pp.
They are Johnson & Johnson, Robert Half International, Accountants on Call, IMA's Stuart Cameron McLeod Society, and IMA's Pacific Northwest Council.
Who can doubt the impact of Eugene McCarthy, Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, the student and worker strikes in France, the strategic turning point in the Vietnam War, and, of course, the assassination of the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr.
Talari Networks' participation is a result of the company's inclusion in the list of "Cool Vendors" in the April 5, 2011 report, "Cool Vendors in the Enterprise Communications and Network Services," by Jay Lassman, Steve Blood, Bern Elliot, Mark Fabbi, Geoff Johnson, Robert F.
However, he is not the only hope for a home-grown winner because Marc Warren is lying just a shot behind after carding an excellent 68 to join former Masters champions Adam Scott and Zach Johnson, Robert Streb and Louis Oosthuizen on seven under.