Robert Johnson

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Johnson, Robert,

1911–38, African-American blues singer, guitarist, and songwriter, b. Hazelhurst, Miss. A sharecropper's son, he grew up absorbing the music of Delta bluesmen, learning the harmonica and then mastering the guitar. Johnson left home around 1930 and for the rest of his life traveled the country, playing and singing at parties, juke joints, barrelhouses, and other venues. His reedy voice and virtuoso guitar technique combined in a classic blues sound, plaintive and lonely. The vagaries of love and evil are the themes of many of the songs he sang, whether written by others or himself, e.g., "Terraplane Blues" and "Hellhound on My Trail." In San Antonio (1936) and Dallas (1937) he recorded 29 blues songs, but a year later he was poisoned by a jealous husband. Though all that remains of his legendary work are those Texas recordings, Johnson's influence has been profound, on later blues players and on rock and rollers, some of whom, e.g., the Rolling StonesRolling Stones,
English rock music group that rose to prominence in the mid-1960s and continues to exert great influence. Members have included singer Mick Jagger (Michael Phillip Jagger), 1943–; guitarists Brian Jones
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 and Eric ClaptonClapton, Eric Patrick,
1945–, British guitarist, singer, and songwriter, b. Ripley, Surrey, England. A seminal figure in rock music, he is noted especially for his virtuoso guitar playing, whose style is based on American blues as played by "T-Bone" Walker, B. B.
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, have recorded his songs.


See his lyrics ed. by B. Groom and B. Yates (1969); biographies by P. Guralnick (1989) and S. Calt (2001); P. R. Schroeder, Robert Johnson, Mythmaking, and Contemporary American Culture (2004), and E. Wald, Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues (2004).

Johnson, Robert

(1911–38) musician; born in Hazelhurst, Miss. A singer-guitarist, he was the most celebrated and legendary of the Mississippi Delta bluesmen. An itinerant performer, he played on street corners and in juke joints throughout the Deep South before he was poisoned to death at the age of 27. In 1936–37, he recorded 29 songs in Dallas and San Antonio, most of which are staples of the blues and rock repertoires. Johnson's musical brilliance and tormented sensibility were ascribed to his Faustian bargain with the devil, a myth that remains at the heart of the blues. In 1990, a retrospective collection of Johnson's recordings became a million-selling album. The movie Crossroads is one of numerous attempts at elucidating his obscure life.
References in periodicals archive ?
Groomsmen were David Carver Arant, Richard Cleve Butler, Jonathan Allen Johnson, Robert Casey Plummer, and Christopher Landon Stroud.
Running backs Zach Maillard and Carlos Garcia each earned all-league honors last season and will run behind returning starters Nick Johnson, Robert Shepler and Matt Shrives.
In The Frame: Tony McCoy (pictured), Richard Johnson, Robert Thornton, Noel Fehily, Paddy Brennan.
Back row (from left): Paul Hertzberg, Chas Ponsford, Daryl Brook, Mark Turner, Terry Johnson, Robert Wright, Steve Booth, Paul Livesey, Clifford Oldroyd (life vice-president), Mel Booth, Ian Wood, Donald Ellis, Laurence Heap (umpire and former player); Front row: John Roberts, Dave Booth, James Noble (1st XI captain), Mark Guymer, Anthony Coldwell, Andy Clayton, Tony Marsh, Nicky Brook, Steve Wadsworth, Ian Bray and Richard Pearson.
Those honored were Seymour Gaer, Judge Joseph Hatchett, Judge William Hoeveler, Judge John Johnson, Robert Josefsberg, Justice Gerald Kogan, Albert Krieger, Janet Reno, Johnnie Ridgely, Chesterfield Smith, Robert Traurig, and Burton Young.
Foundation, International Development Research Centre, Johnson & Johnson, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, and Nuffield Trust.
Saltburn travelled to Billingham and the scratch games finished 6-6 as Greg Johnson, Robert Moon and Tony Littlefair's wins were matched by Saltburn's Noel Emmerson, Michael Tucker and Jim Kane.
Russ Johnson, Robert Jones and Chris Jones all crossed for Beddau with coach Brett Davey among the points with two penalties and two conversions.
The Wyre Forest manager has a Chelsea-dominated defence backed up with the up-front combo of Andy Johnson, Robert Earnshaw (left) and Thierry Henry, who have amassed 337 points between them.
The other winners, in order of votes received were: Diane Ladd, Joanna Cassidy, Anne-Marie Johnson, Robert Hays, Eriq LaSalle, George Coe, Renee Taylor, John Saxon, Sumi Haru, Angel Tompkins and Rosemary Forsyth.
There are, of course, men admired in these volumes--men such as William Johnson, Robert Rogers, and George Croghan.
Upon moving to the United States, Leyva began working with several famous architects such as Philip Johnson, Robert A.