Johnson, Sargent

Johnson, Sargent,

1888–1967, American sculptor, b. Boston. He moved to N California at age 18 and studied stulpture there. A member of California's New Negro Movement, Johnson was influenced by West African and Egyptian art, and his work often has an art decoart deco
or art moderne
, term that designates a style of design that originated in French luxury goods shortly before World War I and became ubiquitously and internationally popular during the 1920s and 30s.
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 look. During the Great Depression, Johnson did many works for the Federal Art Project, often large friezes filled with the simplified, rounded forms of people and animals. His Forever Free (1935) is in the collection of the San Francisco Museum of Art, and one of his large redwood panels is owned by the Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif. Johnson's later work tended to be more stylized and abstract.
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Johnson, Sargent (Claude)

(1888–1967) sculptor, printmaker; born in Boston, Mass. The son of a Swedish father and a mother of Cherokee and African-American ancestry, he was based in San Francisco, and, beginning in 1915, studied at the California School of Fine Arts. He worked in wood with lacquered and painted layers of gesso and linen, as in Forever Free (1933).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.