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a state of Malaysia, on the S Malay Peninsula: mostly forested, with large swamps; bauxite- and iron-mining. Capital: Johore Bahru. Pop.: 2 740 625 (2000). Area: 18 984 sq. km (7330 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Johor), a state (sultanate) in Malaysia at the extreme southern end of the Malay Peninsula. Area, 19,000 sq km; population in 1968, 1.4 million (mainly Chinese and Malays, but also Indians). Its administrative center is Johore Bahru. Its industries include the primary treatment of rubber and the mining of bauxites, iron, and tin. There are oil and fruit-canning industries and a cotton-weaving mill. Agricultural commodities, including rubber, pineapples, and coconut and palm oil products, are exported primarily by way of Singapore.

Johore was a part of the Malaccan sultanate unil 1511. After the Portuguese captured the city of Malacca, the Malaccan ruler Mahmud founded the Johore sultanate. During the second half of the 17th century, Johore’s rule ex-tended to southern, central, and eastern Malaya and the eastern coast of Sumatra. In alliance with the Dutch, Johore struggled against Portuguese rule in Malacca during the 16th and the first half of the 17th century. In 1722 the Bugis seized control of Johore, but at the end of the 18th century the territory of Johore proper became an independent appanage of one of the feudal families of the Johore sultanate. In 1819 the British gained a foothold in Singapore, which was a part of Johore. In 1855 and 1885 they forced agreements on Johore, making it a British protectorate. Johore was a part of the Malayan Union from 1946 to 1948, and a part of the Federation of Malaya (a British colony) from 1948 to 1957 The Johore sultanate has been a state in the independent Federation of Malaya since 1957 and a state in the Federation of Malaysia since 1963.


Winstedt, R. O. “A History of Johore, 1365-1895.” Journal of the Malay an Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1932, vol. 10, part 3.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'This is why we sent Kim to train in Portugal while the other team members are now training in Johore Bahru.'
Use of different soft tissues of Perna viridis as biomonitors of bioavailability and contamination by heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb, Ni and Zn) in a semi enclosed intertidal water of the Johore straits.
Jackson, 'Chinese Agricultural Pioneering in Singapore and Johore, 1800-1917', Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 38(1) (1965): 3; James C.
CJSB is a 60:40 joint venture between UEM Land Berhad and the State via State Secretary Johore (Incorporated).
This was to Johore Baru to perform the sabak for an Iban family living there.
Data were derived from the clinical records of women who were admitted to 2 main forensic psychiatric institutions in Malaysia: Hospital Bahagia Ulu Kinta, Perak and Hospital Permai, Johore from 2000 until 2012.
Published by University Technology Malaysia Skudai Johore.
Selangor, Malaysia, Sept 19, 2014 - (ACN Newswire) - A research team in Malaysia has concluded that caged mussels are useful for monitoring heavy metal contamination in coastal waters in the Strait of Johore. Transplanted or caged mussels have previously been used in Argentina, the Mediterranean Sea, Boston Harbour, and the South Pacific to identify areas of metal pollution.
An officer (captain later major Sidney Wijeratne Artillery) and warrant officer (Jayasinghe -CLI and Gemunu later) were trained at the Brit run Jungle Warfare School in Johore Bahru Malaysia.
Logistics and supply chain in Malaysia: Issues and challenges', Proceedings of the EASTS International Symposium on Sustainable Transportation incorporating Malaysian Universities Transport Research Forum Conference Johore, 1-11.