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a state of Malaysia, on the S Malay Peninsula: mostly forested, with large swamps; bauxite- and iron-mining. Capital: Johore Bahru. Pop.: 2 740 625 (2000). Area: 18 984 sq. km (7330 sq. miles)



(also Johor), a state (sultanate) in Malaysia at the extreme southern end of the Malay Peninsula. Area, 19,000 sq km; population in 1968, 1.4 million (mainly Chinese and Malays, but also Indians). Its administrative center is Johore Bahru. Its industries include the primary treatment of rubber and the mining of bauxites, iron, and tin. There are oil and fruit-canning industries and a cotton-weaving mill. Agricultural commodities, including rubber, pineapples, and coconut and palm oil products, are exported primarily by way of Singapore.

Johore was a part of the Malaccan sultanate unil 1511. After the Portuguese captured the city of Malacca, the Malaccan ruler Mahmud founded the Johore sultanate. During the second half of the 17th century, Johore’s rule ex-tended to southern, central, and eastern Malaya and the eastern coast of Sumatra. In alliance with the Dutch, Johore struggled against Portuguese rule in Malacca during the 16th and the first half of the 17th century. In 1722 the Bugis seized control of Johore, but at the end of the 18th century the territory of Johore proper became an independent appanage of one of the feudal families of the Johore sultanate. In 1819 the British gained a foothold in Singapore, which was a part of Johore. In 1855 and 1885 they forced agreements on Johore, making it a British protectorate. Johore was a part of the Malayan Union from 1946 to 1948, and a part of the Federation of Malaya (a British colony) from 1948 to 1957 The Johore sultanate has been a state in the independent Federation of Malaya since 1957 and a state in the Federation of Malaysia since 1963.


Winstedt, R. O. “A History of Johore, 1365-1895.” Journal of the Malay an Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1932, vol. 10, part 3.


References in periodicals archive ?
The authors would like to thank Hospital Bahagia Ulu Kinta, Perak and Hospital Permai, Johore, Malaysia, together with their dedicated staff for having rendered this research possible.
The researchers, who published their findings in the Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology, used caged mussels (Perna viridis) transplanted from relatively clean waters of the Strait of Johore to assess heavy metal concentrations in a more polluted stretch.
Logistics and supply chain in Malaysia: Issues and challenges', Proceedings of the EASTS International Symposium on Sustainable Transportation incorporating Malaysian Universities Transport Research Forum Conference Johore, 1-11.
A prevalencia de dor dentaria entre os participantes deste estudo foi de 46,7%, resultados similares aos encontrados em Toronto, Canada (39,7%) (17), em Johore Bahru 43,6% (18) e na Australia 51,9% (19).
Floating hatchery and net cage culture of Penaeus indicus in the Straits of Johore, Singapore.
Mohammad Emir Amwani Abdullah, CEO, Dato Khairil Anuar Hj Azikz, Group Chief Operating Officer and Azman Bin Ahmed, Vice President/CEO Felda Johore Bulkers wile the Finance Minister was assisted by the senior officials of the Finance Ministry.
In the Unfederated States, especially Johore and Kedah, revenues from opium comprised over 40 per cent of total revenues in 1919 (Lim 1967:351).
There is a second, specifically Malaysian issue of cross-border mobility: that between the Malaysian state of Johore and Singapore.
Calix Inc (NYSE:CALX), a provider of broadband communications access systems and software , announced on Tuesday that Malaysian communications service provider Symphonet Sdh Bhd (Symphonet) has chosen the Calix E7-2 Ethernet Service Access Platform (ESAP) for the roll-out of its new high speed broadband networks in Kuala Lumpur and Johore Bahru.
At a press conference yesterday, Najib revealed that a Taiwanese petrochemical firm has pledged to make massive investment in Johore state, as part of the mega oil refinery and petrochemical project of Malaysia's state oil enterprise.
The context in which Judge Ranjeva emphasized the historical criticism approach was in an opinion different from that of the actual judgment regarding the transfer of sovereignty over Johore to Singapore.
One example of the use of oil palm by-products concerns the development of oil palm-based intensive and sustainable production systems in situ, is a comparison of a cut-and-carry feedlot system, a semi-feedlot system, and free grazing for beef cattle in Johore, Malaysia, where coffee was grown as an intercrop under coconuts.