Antoine-Henri Jomini

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Jomini, Antoine-Henri

 

(Gendrikh Veniaminovich Zhomini). Born Mar. 6, 1779, in Payerne, Switzerland; died Mar. 24, 1869, in Paris. Baron (1807). Military theorist and historian. General of the infantry in the Russian Army (1826).

Jomini joined the Swiss Army in 1798 and the French Army in 1804, becoming chief of staff of Marshal M. Ney’s Corps from 1805 to 1809 and again in 1813. Violent clashes with Marshal L. Berthier, chief of staff of Napoleon’s army, forced Jomini to accept Russian service in August 1813. He was on the staff and in the suite of Emperor Alexander I.

In his works Jomini generalized from the experience of the wars of the late 18th and early 19th century. Victory over the enemy, he believed, should be won not through maneuver without engagement but through a decisive engagement. He stressed offense over defense and argued that the main forces should be concentrated on the decisive line of operation. Jomini attached great importance to seizing the initiative and to morale and emphasized the exceptionally great role of the military leader.

At the same time Jomini believed that the art of warfare is governed by “eternal and immutable principles” and considered Napoleon’s art of military leadership a permanent model of the art of warfare. He also underestimated the influence of politics on war. Jomini made a great contribution to the research methodology of military history, mainly by applying the comparative method. His works had a great influence on military theoretical thought and the principles of conducting wars through the early 20th century.

WORKS

Histoire critique et militaire des guerres de la Révolution, vols. 1–15. Paris, 1820–24.
In Russian translation:
Rassuzhdeniia o velikikh voennykh deistyiiakh Hi kriticheskoe i sravnitel’noe opisanie pokhodov Fridrikha i Napoleona, vols. 1–8. St. Petersburg, 1809–17.
Politicheskaia i voennaia zhizn’ Napoleona, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1844.
Ocherki voennogo iskusstva, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
As Christopher Bassford notes, Jomini saw the wars in which he participated as "the technical near-perfection of a fundamentally unchanging phenomenon, to be modified only by superficial matters like the list of dramatis personae, technology, and transient political motivations.
It is contended that--together with an understanding of guiding 'principles of war' derived from key military writers (Sun Tzu, de Jomini, Clausewitz and others)--these doctrines can act as valuable indicators to archaeologists of the kinds of behaviours they should expect to find reflected in the evidence found at nineteenth-century military sites.
Jose and his family had returned to Oman a few days ago after marrying off their elder daughter, Jomini in Kerala.
We seem to be somewhere between the near certainty of the geometric concepts of Antoine-Henri Jomini and the "it depends" school of such greats as Carl von Clausewitz as we seek to understand both the wars we are in and those we might face in the future.
One or two enlightened educators introduce ideas--often competing with advocates of Jomini or Sun Tsu--but sooner or later, their influence wanes.
Natalie Jomini Stroud & Ashley Muddiman, Exposure to News and Diverse Views in the Internet Age, 9 ISJLP 271 (2013).
He examined specific theaters more attentively than did the other greats of strategic theory, except perhaps his "best military friend," land-power scribe Antoine-Henri Jomini.
Real-life heroes, pilot Andreas Hafele, hoist operator Adolf Rufenacht and parachute instructor Pierre Jomini were named 'Crew of the Year' in 1981.
Sun Tzu, Clausewitz, Jomini, and Don Starry are some of the authors of many elements of the operational art.
32) Baron Antoine-Henri Jomini (1779-1869) was a Swiss noble who first served in the Napoleonic army and later switched to the Russian side.
Natalie Jomini Stroud of the University of Texas, set out to examine if and how Obama's middle name affects Jewish Israeli, Arab Israeli, and American perceptions, and whether there are differences in how the name affects them due to cultural associations.