Antoine-Henri Jomini

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Jomini, Antoine-Henri

 

(Gendrikh Veniaminovich Zhomini). Born Mar. 6, 1779, in Payerne, Switzerland; died Mar. 24, 1869, in Paris. Baron (1807). Military theorist and historian. General of the infantry in the Russian Army (1826).

Jomini joined the Swiss Army in 1798 and the French Army in 1804, becoming chief of staff of Marshal M. Ney’s Corps from 1805 to 1809 and again in 1813. Violent clashes with Marshal L. Berthier, chief of staff of Napoleon’s army, forced Jomini to accept Russian service in August 1813. He was on the staff and in the suite of Emperor Alexander I.

In his works Jomini generalized from the experience of the wars of the late 18th and early 19th century. Victory over the enemy, he believed, should be won not through maneuver without engagement but through a decisive engagement. He stressed offense over defense and argued that the main forces should be concentrated on the decisive line of operation. Jomini attached great importance to seizing the initiative and to morale and emphasized the exceptionally great role of the military leader.

At the same time Jomini believed that the art of warfare is governed by “eternal and immutable principles” and considered Napoleon’s art of military leadership a permanent model of the art of warfare. He also underestimated the influence of politics on war. Jomini made a great contribution to the research methodology of military history, mainly by applying the comparative method. His works had a great influence on military theoretical thought and the principles of conducting wars through the early 20th century.

WORKS

Histoire critique et militaire des guerres de la Révolution, vols. 1–15. Paris, 1820–24.
In Russian translation:
Rassuzhdeniia o velikikh voennykh deistyiiakh Hi kriticheskoe i sravnitel’noe opisanie pokhodov Fridrikha i Napoleona, vols. 1–8. St. Petersburg, 1809–17.
Politicheskaia i voennaia zhizn’ Napoleona, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1844.
Ocherki voennogo iskusstva, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
22) Cette expression fut creee par le baron Antoine Henri Jomini, l'un des premiers concepteurs de la logistique, pour introduire le terme << logistique >> (ibid).
Even Antoine-Henri Jomini, the contemporary of Clausewitz considered by many to have made the most rigorous effort to capture war in a rational, rule-based theory, never pretended war was predictable; indeed, he explicitly noted that war was not a science, but an art.
83) Carl von Clausewitz and Henri de Jomini remained required reading, along with Colmar von der Goltz and other Franco-German military thinkers.
Foucault outlines the classical system of symbolism that traditional military theorists such as Clausewitz, Jomini, and others appear to utilize.
Jomini, Jyothish and Satheesh Kumar were handed prison sentences of six years and fines of Rs100,000 each, and Thankamani and Rakhi were sentenced to four years and fines of Rs25,000 each.
We shape and use the environment through Theater Security Cooperation (TSC) and Building Partner Capacity (BPC), through access agreements, prepositioned stocks, and the discriminating use of overseas basing and force rotations, which provide us with what Antoine Henri De Jomini called "pivots of operations" across the globe.
Masters of War" is a concise and rigorous survey in which Professor Wilson introduces: Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War; Sun Tzu's famous The Art of War; Machiavelli's strategy for a republic with a citizen-army; Jomini, Clausewitz, and the Napoleonic revolution in warfare; the development of naval strategy and the rise of airpower; Mao Tse-tung, David Galula, and Roger Trinquier's reflections on insurgency and counterinsurgency and their influence on the U.
Clausewitz and Jomini figure prominently, as Boyd and Warden's concepts are seen as intellectual descendants of these two thinkers.
Natalie Jomini Stroud, Ashley Muddiman, and Joshua Scacco summarize shifts in how journalism engages the public, using data from their study of local television news web sites' use of interactive elements such as polls, comment sections, and links.
The point, therefore, is not to arm a student with principles to guide their actions-an approach to military history employed by Clausewitz's intellectual rival, Antoine-Henri Jomini.
His topics are operational art; the war of the first coalition and the birth of modern operational art; coalition operational art in 1799: Suvorov and Massena in Italy and Switzerland; artists of the waves: the Royal Navy, Nelson, and operational art at sea; Napoleon ascendant: Jomini and Clausewitz in harmony; the empires strike back: symmetry returns to the operational level of war; Napoleonic total war in Spain and Russia 1810-12; and operational art and the campaign of 1813.