Antoine-Henri Jomini

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jomini, Antoine-Henri


(Gendrikh Veniaminovich Zhomini). Born Mar. 6, 1779, in Payerne, Switzerland; died Mar. 24, 1869, in Paris. Baron (1807). Military theorist and historian. General of the infantry in the Russian Army (1826).

Jomini joined the Swiss Army in 1798 and the French Army in 1804, becoming chief of staff of Marshal M. Ney’s Corps from 1805 to 1809 and again in 1813. Violent clashes with Marshal L. Berthier, chief of staff of Napoleon’s army, forced Jomini to accept Russian service in August 1813. He was on the staff and in the suite of Emperor Alexander I.

In his works Jomini generalized from the experience of the wars of the late 18th and early 19th century. Victory over the enemy, he believed, should be won not through maneuver without engagement but through a decisive engagement. He stressed offense over defense and argued that the main forces should be concentrated on the decisive line of operation. Jomini attached great importance to seizing the initiative and to morale and emphasized the exceptionally great role of the military leader.

At the same time Jomini believed that the art of warfare is governed by “eternal and immutable principles” and considered Napoleon’s art of military leadership a permanent model of the art of warfare. He also underestimated the influence of politics on war. Jomini made a great contribution to the research methodology of military history, mainly by applying the comparative method. His works had a great influence on military theoretical thought and the principles of conducting wars through the early 20th century.


Histoire critique et militaire des guerres de la Révolution, vols. 1–15. Paris, 1820–24.
In Russian translation:
Rassuzhdeniia o velikikh voennykh deistyiiakh Hi kriticheskoe i sravnitel’noe opisanie pokhodov Fridrikha i Napoleona, vols. 1–8. St. Petersburg, 1809–17.
Politicheskaia i voennaia zhizn’ Napoleona, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1844.
Ocherki voennogo iskusstva, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1939.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Right now, social media platforms have immense data sets that could be used in the service of democracy, and many academic researchers have the skills to analyze this data and provide insight," says Natalie Jomini Stroud, associate professor in the Department of Communication Studies and School of Journalism at the University of Texas, Austin; director of the Center for Media Engagement at the College of Communication; assistant director of Research at UT's Institute for Civic Life; and the North American chair of Social Science One, an organization providing academic researchers with privacy-preserving access to Facebook in order to study the effects of social media on democracy and elections.
39 Natalie Jomini Stroud, "Media Use and Political Predispositions: Revisiting the Concept of Selective Exposure", Political Behavior 30, No.3 (2008): 341-366.
These fundamental changes to war fighting stemmed primarily from the cause-and-effect relationships of the growing embrace of the Western way of war, progressive materiel solutions, and prescriptive styles of warfare derived from Swiss military theorist and Clausewitz contemporary Antonie-Henri Jomini. Jomini's technological and formulaic approaches predominate the US war-fighting strategy through the Vietnam War and persist today.
In the concluding chapter he addresses the impact of 1806 on two men who fought on opposing sides in the campaign and sought a new theoretical understanding of war -- Henri Jomini and Carl von Clausewitz.
Meilinger discusses prominent military theorists (Hart, Fuller, Clausewitz, Jomini, and Sun Tzu) as well as providing historical examples to support his arguments.
Divided into eight chapters, the work starts during the Napoleonic Wars, anchoring grand strategy's origin as a military concept, as "interpreted" by Carl von Clausewitz and Baron Antoine-Henri de Jomini.
Even Antoine-Henri Jomini, the contemporary of Clausewitz considered by many to have made the most rigorous effort to capture war in a rational, rule-based theory, never pretended war was predictable; indeed, he explicitly noted that war was not a science, but an art.
They touch briefly on the role of logistics in warfare (Jomini and Eccles), and then move on to value creation from the perspective of business economics (Morgenstern and Marshall), marketing (Weld and Converse), management (Drucker), and transportation systems (Klaus and Sheffi).