Jomo Kenyatta


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Kenyatta, Jomo

(jō`mō kĕnyä`tə), 1893?–1978, African political leader, first president of Kenya (1964–78). A Kikuyu, he was one of the earliest and best-known African nationalist leaders. As secretary of his tribal association (1928), he campaigned for land reform and African political rights. In England he collaborated with other African nationalist students and founded (1946), with Kwame Nkrumah, the Pan-African Federation. Returning (1946) to Kenya, he became president of the Kenya African Union. In 1953, during the Mau MauMau Mau
, secret insurgent organization in Kenya, comprising mainly Kikuyu tribespeople. They were bound by oath to force the expulsion of white settlers from Kenya. In 1952 the Mau Mau began reprisals against the Europeans, especially in the "white highlands," claimed as Kikuyu
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 uprising, Kenyatta was imprisoned by the British as one of its instigators, then sent to internal exile (1959). Kenyatta was elected president of the newly founded (1960) Kenya African National Union while in exile. Released in 1961, he participated in negotiations with the British to write a new constitution for Kenya, which became independent in 1963. Kenya became a republic in 1964 with Kenyatta as president. Influential throughout Africa, Kenyatta was intolerant of dissent in Kenya, outlawing some opposition parties in 1969 and establishing a one-party state in 1974. The stability resulting from his leadership attracted foreign investment. He followed a nonaligned foreign policy and died in office. He wrote Facing Mount Kenya (1938) and Suffering without Bitterness (1968).

Bibliography

See biography by J. Murray-Brown (1972).

Kenyatta, Jomo

 

Born c. 1893, in the small town of Ichaweri, Kenya. Kenyan statesman and politician. Member of the Kikuyu tribe.

Kenyatta graduated from a mission primary school. He entered politics in the early 1920’s and several years later was elected general secretary of the Kikuyu Central Association, one of the first Kenyan political organizations. Between 1931 and 1946 he studied and worked in Great Britain. On returning to Kenya he became active in the national liberation movement. In 1947 he headed the Kenya African Union. In 1952 he was arrested by the English colonial authorities on the charge of having organized and led the Mau Mau, a religious and political movement, and was sentenced to a seven-year imprisonment. After completing his sentence, he was exiled to northern Kenya. In 1960, while still in exile, he was elected president of the Kenya African National Union. Returning from exile in 1961, he served as prime minister of the first national government of Kenya from June to December 1963. Upon Kenya’s independence in December 1963, he became prime minister, and he has served as president of Kenya since its proclamation as a republic in December 1964. Kenyatta is the author of several works denouncing English colonial policy in Kenya.

References in periodicals archive ?
World Cross Country senior women's champion Hellen Obiri with her daughter, Tania displays her gold medal at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport on April 1, 2019 as Team Kenya jetted back from Aarhus, Denmark.
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Founding President Mzee Jomo Kenyatta and former First Lady Mama Ngina.
Thursday's memorial service was the 41st since the death of Kenya's first President, Mzee Jomo Kenyatta, in 1978.
They also agreed that the statue was unveiled on September 10, 1973, by former President Daniel arap Moi and KICC was unveiled on September 11 by the late Mzee Jomo Kenyatta.
Mediante la campana y a traves de una asociacion entre KWS y el Aeropuerto Internacional, Jomo Kenyatta, se equiparon unidades caninas capacitadas para detectar productos de vida silvestre en el equipaje y la carga de los pasajeros.
The Kenyatta and Trump meeting is a major boost for Kenya's tourism and aviation sectors as it happens just weeks before the commencement of direct flights from Nairobis Jomo Kenyatta International Airport to New York in October this year.
(3) Institute of Biotechnology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Juja, Kenya
A NATION REMEMBERS: On the occasion of Independence Day, Kenyan expats discussed the many national heroes, from Jomo Kenyatta to environmentalist Wangari Maathai.
The Kenyan Airports Authority said a Fokker 50 flying from Wajir in the Northeast and operated by Skyward suffered landing gear failure and landed on its belly at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, blocking the sole runway.
The plane crashed into shops in Nairobi's Embekasi neighbourhood near the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA), where a terminal was gutted by a major fire last year.
(NASDAQ: MAGS) said that it entered into a USD6.4m turnkey contract with the Kenyan Airport Authority (KAA) to secure critical areas in Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Nairobi, Kenya.