Jomon


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Jomon

 

a period of Japanese history corresponding to the Neolithic period (eighth millennium to the middle of the first millennium B.C.). The Jomon period was typified by settlements with seashell mounds and sunken pit dwellings; simple pit burials; distinctive implements made of stone (polished from the outset; chipped shouldered and polished rectangular axes, knives with a small “button”) and bone (fishhooks and harpoons); pottery with raised or impressed cord patterns (jomon in Japanese) or with fanciful linear designs, primarily of spiral curvilinear form; and female figurines. The economy was based on hunting, fishing, and gathering. Direct ties with the neighboring cultures of the Asian mainland have not been traced. The bearers of the Jomon culture had anthropological features resembling those of the Ainu.

There are more than 100 local and chronological subdivisions of the Jomon period, which are grouped in five main stages: the very early Jomon (eighth-fifth millennia B.C. according to radiocarbon dating), early Jomon (fourth millennium B.C.), middle Jomon (third millennium B.C.), late Jomon (second millennium B.C.), and very late Jomon (first half of the first millennium B.C.; in northern Japan the very late Jomon period ended by the beginning of the Common Era).

REFERENCES

Vorob’ev, M. V. Drevniaia Iaponiia. Istoriko-arkheologicheskii ocherk. Moscow, 1958.
Esaka, T.Dzemon bunka (Sensi dzidai), vol. 2. Tokyo, 1957.

M. V. VOROB’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
Since the earliest reports of Jomon sites in the 19th century, the archaeology of the Jomon period--now believed to date back more than 16,000 years, from the appearance of the earliest ceramic containers, and lasting until the emergence of rice farming at the start of the Yayoi period, around 2,500 years ago--has generated international interest.
Professor Marta MirazEn Lahr, Director of the Duckworth Laboratory and one of the authors on the paper, said: "This study tackles a major question in the origins of the diversity of Southeast Asian people, as well as on the ancient relationships between distant populations, such as Jomon and HEabE1/4nhian foragers, before farming.
This study evaluates differential expressions of the life span among individuals with varied styles of tooth extraction during the Late/Final phases of the Jomon period.
The event was modulated by Jomon Jose, an art instructor at Music Lounge.
Other old trees are "The Senator," a bald cypress in Florida, Te Matua Ngahere, a kauri in New Zealand, Jomon Sugi in Japan, and pando quaking aspens from Utah, where an entire, 80,000 year-old forest comes from a single tree with a massive underground root system.
You can visit a number of ruins from prehistoric times such as the Jomon Period (from about 10,000 years ago until the 4th century BC) and the Yayoi Period (from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD), which is before the Japanese imperial family succeeded in achieving rule over the nation in the 5th century.
Perri focused on burials in Jomon, Japan, during the pre-historic period of hunter-gatherers from approximately 12,000 BC to 300 BC.
O inicio da arqueologia cientifica no Japao e marcado pelos trabalhos de Edward Sylvester Morse (1838-1925), zoologo americano que escavou um dos principais sitios Jomon, Omori, em Toquio.
Jomon, Associate Dean of Corporate Programmes at XLRI, Jamshedpur puts it, "Organisation is people, the rest can be bought and sold." He adds: "It is a fantastic idea to invest in internal workforce for a proper succession planning of the business than hiring from outside as it builds a performance-driven culture."
Anthony Maras (The Palace) is directing from a screenplay co-written withfellow Australian John Collee (Master and Commander, Happy Feet), inspired by the documentary 'Surviving Mumbai.' The project is a co-production with Hollywood producers Basil Iwanyk(Gods ofEgypt, Sicario), Gary Hamilton and Mike Gabrawy (Jungle, NestandResident Evil), Jomon Thomas (The Man Who Knew Infinity, Damascus Cover), Julie Ryan (Red Dog, Ten Canoes) and documentary filmmaker Andrew Ogilvie (Surviving Mumbai,The WarThat Changed US).
Provenance of the Jomon Japanese', Nichibunken Japan Review 19 (2007): 47-75; P.D.
(50,51) Isoscapes have also been used in archeological research, with various forms of ritual tooth extraction, perhaps related to coming-of-age ceremonies, identified in human skeletal remains from the Late and Final Jomon periods of Japan.