Jonas Salk

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Salk, Jonas (Edward)

(1914–  ) immunologist; born in New York City. He began his pathbreaking studies on viruses and immunization by starting with the influenza virus while at the University of Michigan (1942–47). At the University of Pittsburgh (1947–63) he developed the first vaccination against poliomyelitis, a killed-virus vaccine, introduced to the public in 1953. (By 1961, and after some resistance, Albert Sabin's simpler and stronger live-virus oral vaccine had supplanted Salk's injectable vaccine in the United States; Salk's vaccine is now used only in a few countries around the world.) He is the founder/director (1963) of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, Calif., and is on the board of directors of the Immune Response Corporation, which is pursuing treatment for AIDS and other diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Among his writings are Man Unfolding (1972) and Anatomy of Reality: Merging of Intuition and Reason (1983). Widely honored, he holds the French Legion of Honor (1955) and the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
To address future preservation needs, such as remedial surface work to steel, glass, concrete, and travertine--which must be carried out in a way that retains visual continuity with the original surface--the institute launched its Architecture Conservation Program in June, with a lead gift from the son of Jonas Salk, Jonathan Salk, and his wife, Elizabeth Shepherd.
Leading the scientific crusade against the polio scourge were two researchers, Albert Sabin and Jonas Salk. Sabin loudly supported the live, attenuated approach, while Salk pursued an inactivated vaccine.
Although Jonas Salk's vaccine saved millions of lives and saw polio diminish to a point where eradication is now within the world's grasp, let us not forget those who are still living with polio's PPS legacy.
It is said that Jonas Salk had been working on the polio vaccine for quite some time in his dark basement in Pittsburgh, without much progress, when he decided to look for another work space.
Against which disease did Jonas Salk develop a vaccine?
JONAS Salk, a man who saved millions of lives worldwide with the discovery of a vaccine to fight the spread of Polio in 1953, would have been 100-years-old on Tuesday (28 October).
Today is the 100th anniversary of the birth of Jonas Salk, the doctor who invented the Polio vaccine in 1952.
World Polio Day is observed annually on 24 October, which marks the birth of United States virologist, Jonas Salk, who was the leader of the team that invented a polio vaccine in 1955.
Just remember, "Life is an error-making and an error-correcting process." -- Jonas Salk
* APHA Executive Director Citation: poliovirus vaccine researcher Jonas Salk, MD, who will be honored posthumously;
Louis with Charles Lindbergh, on the moon with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, in the laboratories of Thomas Edison and Jonas Salk, and on Normandy beach on D-Day.
Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine, and readers are offered a rare glimpse of history through a young girl's eyes, understanding her sorrows, hopes, and dreams, and reveling in her incredible imagination.