Jonathan


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Jonathan

(jŏn`əthən) [short for Jehonathan, Heb.,=Yahweh has given]. 1 In the Bible, SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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's son and DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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's friend, killed at the battle of Mt. Gilboa. David showed kindness to his son MephiboshethMephibosheth
, in the Bible. 1 Jonathan's lame. David restored Saul's lands to him, and spared him when he gave the Gibeonites seven of Saul's descendants to settle a blood debt. For the relation between the names of this man, see Baal. 2 Son of Saul.
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. 2 David's nephew. He is perhaps the same man who is called David's uncle and counsellor in the translations of First Chronicles. 3 One of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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. He was appointed high priest by Alexander BalasAlexander Balas
, d. 145 B.C., ruler of Syria, putative son of Antiochus IV. He seized power from his uncle Demetrius I (c.152 B.C.); Jonathan the Maccabee supported him. He died in battle against Ptolemy Philometor.
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, pretender to the Syrian throne.

Jonathan

stalwartly defended David; aided him in escape. [O.T.: I Samuel 20:32–34, 42; 23:16]
See: Loyalty

Jonathan

Old Testament the son of Saul and David's close friend, who was killed in battle (I Samuel 31; II Samuel 1:19--26)
References in classic literature ?
Jonathan's nurse was also an Englishwoman, and when he was about a year old she was called home to England to a dying friend.
After Jonathan's return to Ireland his uncle, Godwin Swift, seems to have taken charge of him, and when he was six to have sent him to a good school.
Soon after Jonathan left college he went to live in the house of Sir William Temple.
And rather to Jonathan's disgust, to judge by the way the stamped about when he got into the room.
Jonathan I shall leave to you, but if the other turns nasty I shall shoot him dead." He took out his revolver as he spoke, and, having loaded two of the chambers, he put it back into the right-hand pocket of his jacket.
Well, I must tell you about the three, but you must keep it a secret, dear, from every one except, of course, Jonathan. You will tell him, because I would, if I were in your place, certainly tell Arthur.
"Nay, nay, my name's Faux, I know nothing o' Freelys," said Jonathan, curtly.
"I don't want to own him," said Jonathan, unable to resist a movement of indignation that had never been allowed to satisfy itself.
He understood, with a clearness equal to that of the most intelligent mind, that Jonathan would take him back to skimmed milk, apple-dumpling, broad beans, and pork.
She got on from Jonathan (last of the males, indoors) to the coachman (first of the males, out-of-doors), and dug down, man by man, through that new stratum, until she struck the stable-boy at the bottom .
'But no, not he!' says Jonathan of the no surname, clinching the quartette.
Once there was an old aged man over at Mellstock--William Dewy by name--one of the family that used to do a good deal of business as tranters over there, Jonathan, do ye mind?--I knowed the man by sight as well as I know my own brother, in a manner of speaking.