Jonathan

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Jonathan

(jŏn`əthən) [short for Jehonathan, Heb.,=Yahweh has given]. 1 In the Bible, SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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's son and DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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's friend, killed at the battle of Mt. Gilboa. David showed kindness to his son MephiboshethMephibosheth
, in the Bible. 1 Jonathan's lame. David restored Saul's lands to him, and spared him when he gave the Gibeonites seven of Saul's descendants to settle a blood debt. For the relation between the names of this man, see Baal. 2 Son of Saul.
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. 2 David's nephew. He is perhaps the same man who is called David's uncle and counsellor in the translations of First Chronicles. 3 One of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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. He was appointed high priest by Alexander BalasAlexander Balas
, d. 145 B.C., ruler of Syria, putative son of Antiochus IV. He seized power from his uncle Demetrius I (c.152 B.C.); Jonathan the Maccabee supported him. He died in battle against Ptolemy Philometor.
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, pretender to the Syrian throne.

Jonathan

stalwartly defended David; aided him in escape. [O.T.: I Samuel 20:32–34, 42; 23:16]
See: Loyalty

Jonathan

Old Testament the son of Saul and David's close friend, who was killed in battle (I Samuel 31; II Samuel 1:19--26)