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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A traveling comedian and musician of the early Middle Ages in France. The jongleur’s work derived from popular agricultural rites and folk games. The jongleurs were storytellers, singers, and musicians; they performed tricks and acted in improvised scenes, expressing the people’s freedom-loving spirit. In the llth century, the jongleurs became professional performers and concentrated in cities; in the 13th century they began to form “brotherhoods” (a type of professional organization) in some countries.

For a long time the jongleurs were the only bearers of secular musical culture and also the only professionals in the area of instrumental music. Jongleurs were also called histrios. They were similar to the German Spielmanne and the Russian skomorokhi. The jongleurs who accompanied the trouveres and troubadours were called minstrels.

(2) The Russian wordzhongler is also used for juggler, the circus performer who tosses up and catches several objects at the same time.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Milton Keynes-based group has also been running more student nights and live DJs and acts to refresh its appeal and plans to open five more Jongleurs nights and four more Woo-Woo bars in coming months.
The Milton Keynesbased group have also been running more student nights and live DJs and acts to refresh their appeal and plan to open more Jongleurs nights and WooWoo bars in the coming months.
The move means there will be 11 Jongleurs clubs around the UK by the end of 2010, with plans for further rollouts in 2011.
It means there will be 11 Jongleurs venues across the country by the end of the year, with plans for further rollouts extending into 2011.
THURSDAY Jongleurs Comedy Club, Edinburgh Celebrate New Year with Stu Who?
Kempinska and Davy have the last laugh, as it means they can use the Jongleurs name again.
With a world class comedy line-up, a fantastic range of food and drink and friendly table service, Jongleurs has it all under one roof.
After 20 years of launching some of the biggest names in comedy, such as Rory Bremner, Harry Enfield and Graham Norton, Jongleurs has become one of the most popular Christmas party venues in Britain.
Bliss became the latest casualty in Birmingham's entertainment district, forcing comedy club Jongleurs, housed in the building's basement, to also shut temporarily.
HOT on the heels of the sell-out Billy Connolly show, a series of Huddersfield and Dewsbury dates have just been announced for the popular Jongleurs comedy night.
World famous comedy group Jongleurs have announced plans to launch six new clubs this year, following a pounds 2m investment.