Jordan Communist Party

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jordan Communist Party


(JCP, Hizb al-Shuyu’i al-Urdunni), founded illegally Nov. 25,1943 (until September 1951 the National Liberation League).

In 1951 the Jordan Communist Party adopted a program setting as its goals the elimination of imperialist domination and feudalism and the creation of a national democratic system in Jordan. In 1954, at the initiative of the party, which was given an opportunity at this time to legalize its activities, the National Front of patriotic and anti-imperialist forces was organized. The JCP won two seats in Parliament on the Front’s ticket in 1956.

As a result of a reactionary coup in 1957 the JCP was banned and subjected to severely repressive measures. After the Israeli aggression of 1967 the Jordanian government, seeking the support of all patriotic forces, granted amnesty to the Jordanian Communists. However, the party was not legalized, and it was forced to operate only semilegally. In August 1967 the JCP adopted an extraordinary program putting forth as its basic task the mobilization of patriotic anti-imperialist forces in the struggle to settle problems left in the wake of the Israeli aggression and the creation of a broad national front.

The JCP supports a settlement of the Middle East crisis according to the United Nations resolutions. Delegations of the JCP took part in the Conferences of Representatives of Communist and Workers’ Parties of 1957, 1960, and 1969 in Moscow and endorsed the documents adopted by these conferences. The first secretary of the Central Committee of the Jordan Communist Party is Fuad Nassar.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jordan Communist Party Secretary General Munir Hamarneh said the King's remarks on democracy and political participation were "positive", adding that the way out of the successive crises was through democracy, which is also the route towards reform.
Among those resigning from the dialogue panel were Saeed Thiab, secretary-general of the opposition left-leaning Popular Unity Party, and Munir Hamarneh, secretary-general of the Jordan Communist Party.
In this context, Secretary General of the Jordan Communist Party analyst Muneer Hamarneh said, The US is trying to achieve something to use at the mid-term elections; and of course, pressuring Israel is impossible and at the same time pressuring Arabs is way too easy; therefore, the US role has nothing with its intentions towards the solution of the Palestinian issue itself.

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