Iorga, Nicolae

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Iorga, Nicolae

Iorga, Nicolae (nēˈkōlī yôrˈgä), 1871–1940, Romanian historian and statesman. A professor at the Univ. of Bucharest, he founded (1910) and later led the National Democratic party; after World War I he was president of the Romanian national assembly. In 1931–32 he was premier of a coalition government under King Carol II. In Nov., 1940, Iorga was murdered by the Iron Guard. His many fine historical works include detailed studies of Romanian religion, education, and literature, Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches (5 vol., 1908–13), and History of the Rumanians (10 vol., 1935–39, in Romanian). After 1965, Iorga's reputation as a great nationalist historian was acknowledged by the Romanian Communists, who had hitherto played down his work. His name also appears spelled as Nicolas Jorga.
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Iorga, Nicolae

 

Born June 18, 1871, in Botosani; died Nov. 28, 1940, near Bucharest. Rumanian political figure, historian, and literary scholar; academician of the Rumanian Academy (1910).

In 1906, Iorga was one of the founders of the reactionary National Democratic Party. From 1918 to 1920 he served as chairman of the National Assembly and from 1931 to 1932 as prime minister and minister of public education. Iorga wrote numerous works on the history of Rumania, Turkey, and the Balkan countries; he also studied Rumanian literature of various periods and wrote the History of Romance Literatures. He founded the literary movement known as Sämänätorism (from the name of the journal, Sămănătorul [The Sower]), which emerged as a result of the intensification of the peasant question in Rumania. As leader of the movement, Iorga called for the creation of a literature that could be understood equally by “lord and peasant.” In foreign policy, he supported an Anglo-French orientation. During the last years of his life, he denounced the aggressive policy of fascist Germany. He was killed in 1940 by fascists belonging to the Iron Guard.

WORKS

Geschichte des rumänischen Volkes in Rahmen seiner Staatsbildungen, vols. 1–2. Gotha, 1905.
Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, vols. 1–5. Gotha, 1908–13.
La Place des roumains dans Vhistoire universelle, vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1935.
Istoria Romănilor, vols. 1–10. Bucharest, 1936–39.
Istoria literatura romîne din veacul XIX, vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1907–09.
Istoria presei romîneşti [De la primele începuturi pănă la 1916 … ]. Bucharest, 1922.
Istoria literatura romîneşti, 2nd ed., vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1925–.
Istoria literatura contemporane, vols. 1–2. Bucharest, 1934.

REFERENCE

Dradoiescu, P. “N. Iorga, date biografice.”Cuvintul rominesc, 1920–21. vol. 2.

Iu. A. KOZHEVNIKOV and A. I. TELEFUS [11 228–1]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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