Jorge Amado

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Amado, Jorge


Born Aug. 10, 1912, in Ilhéus, state of Bahía. Brazilian public and political figure, member of the Brazilian Communist Party.

In his first novels Cacau (1933) and Sweat (1934), Amado tried to document the development of class consciousness among farm hands and workers. In the cycle of novels about Bahia—Jubiabá (1935), The Dead Sea (1936), and Captains of the Sand (1937)—Amado drew on Brazilian Negro folklore for a poetic depiction of the life and struggle of the poor. In the mid-1930’s he participated in the struggle of the National Liberation Alliance led by the Communist Party; he was arrested in 1936 and again in 1937–38, after the establishment of Vargas’ dictatorship. Amado left the country during 1941 and 1942.

Amado wrote biographies of the romantic poet A. de Castro Alves and the Brazilian Communist Party leader L. C. Prestes, as well as a novel in two parts on the bloody struggle for land by capitalists and plantation owners: Endless Lands (1943, Russian translation 1955) and The City of Ilhéus (1944, Russian translation 1948). In 1945, after his return to Brazil, Amado was elected communist deputy to the National Congress. The novel Red Sprouts (1946, Russian translation 1949)—a graphic embodiment of the revolutionization of the Brazilian peasantry—testifies to his mastery of the method of socialist realism. From 1948 to 1952 he lived as an émigré in France and Czechoslovakia, where he was active in the world peace movement. His novel The Underground of Freedom (1952, Russian translation 1954) depicts the social struggle in Brazil from 1937 to 1941. The world of idealistic thoughts and emotions, and the heroism of the simple people of Brazil led by the Communist Party are contrasted with a world of avarice, exploitation, violence, and depravity. In the novels Gabriela, Cloves and Cinnamon (1958, Russian translation 1961) and Doña Flor and Her Two Husbands (1966) and in the collections of novellas Old Sailors (1961, Russian translation 1963) and Pastors of the Night (1964, Russian translation 1966), Amado, introducing elements of fantasy and folklore, conveys the originality of the freedom-loving national character. In 1961 he was elected member of the Brazilian Academy. He is a member of the World Council of Peace. In 1951 he was awarded the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations. He has made frequent visits to the USSR.


Obras, vols. 1–17. Sāo Paulo, 1954–66.
In Russian translation:
Luis Karlos Prestes. Moscow, 1951.
Kastro Alves. Moscow, 1963.


Kuteishchikova, V. N. Zhorzhi Amadu. Moscow, 1954.
Terterian, I. Brazil’skii roman XX v. Moscow, 1965. Pages 161–204.
Zorzhi Amadu: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel’. Moscow, 1965.
Jorge Amado: 30 anos de literatura. Sao Paulo, 1961.
Táti, M. Jorge Amado: Vida e obra. Belo Horizonte, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
Mourners from around the world descended upon the Casa de Jorge Amado.
Machado de Assis, Guimaraes Rosa, and Jorge Amado are Brazilian influences.
Reprinted from Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands, by Jorge Amado.
Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands is based on the famous novel by Jorge Amado that tells us the story of Flor, the widow of Vadinho, a gambler and womanizer who returns to life to claim her as a wife after she marries a decent and well-behaved pharmacist in Salvador.
Zelia Gattai, wife of Brazil's great novelist Jorge Amado, tells about a priest who came to their home in Salvador da Bahia with books in his trembling hands to beg Jorge to autograph them.
After all, his cosmos is that of the Bildungsroman not so different from works by such modern practitioners of the genre as Lins do Rego, Jorge Amado, Erico Verissimo, Guimaraes Rosa, Carlos Heitor Cony, and Antonio Calado.
The dream team consists of eleven key players, five Portuguese and six Brazilians, all proven champions: Castro Alves, Gil Vicente, Castelo Branco, Eca de Queiros, Camoes, and Graciliano Ramos (standing); as well as Fernando Pessoa, Jose de Alencar, Joao Guimaraes Rosa, Jorge Amado, and "o insuperavel, o etemo e moderno" (fabulous, eternally modern) goalie holding a typewriter, Jose Maria Machado de Assis (kneeling).
Jorge Amado, S/N - Camacari - Camacari - Ba - 42800250
In the words of the Latin American writer Jorge Amado, the carnival is a celebration of equality and democracy and this maxim I think says a lot about our carnival this year," he added.
To illustrate the issues this has raised, I have chosen Jorge Amado de Faria's (1912-2001) Tent of Miracles (1969).
La quinta parte del libro, "Revolutionary Utopias and the Politics of Memory" esta constituida por los ensayos de Juan Pablo Dabove, Diana Sorensen y Rita De Grandis y gira en torno a la representacion del comunismo a partir de la figura del bandido en la literatura de Jorge Amado y al papel de la utopia en los procesos de memoria.
Awsmks w Readers choice STEPHEN MCCARTHY, OFGLASGOW s Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands by Jorge Amado Dona Flor's first husband Vadinho is a penniless gambler and loveable rogue who cons his way into marrying her.