Jorge Amado


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Amado, Jorge

 

Born Aug. 10, 1912, in Ilhéus, state of Bahía. Brazilian public and political figure, member of the Brazilian Communist Party.

In his first novels Cacau (1933) and Sweat (1934), Amado tried to document the development of class consciousness among farm hands and workers. In the cycle of novels about Bahia—Jubiabá (1935), The Dead Sea (1936), and Captains of the Sand (1937)—Amado drew on Brazilian Negro folklore for a poetic depiction of the life and struggle of the poor. In the mid-1930’s he participated in the struggle of the National Liberation Alliance led by the Communist Party; he was arrested in 1936 and again in 1937–38, after the establishment of Vargas’ dictatorship. Amado left the country during 1941 and 1942.

Amado wrote biographies of the romantic poet A. de Castro Alves and the Brazilian Communist Party leader L. C. Prestes, as well as a novel in two parts on the bloody struggle for land by capitalists and plantation owners: Endless Lands (1943, Russian translation 1955) and The City of Ilhéus (1944, Russian translation 1948). In 1945, after his return to Brazil, Amado was elected communist deputy to the National Congress. The novel Red Sprouts (1946, Russian translation 1949)—a graphic embodiment of the revolutionization of the Brazilian peasantry—testifies to his mastery of the method of socialist realism. From 1948 to 1952 he lived as an émigré in France and Czechoslovakia, where he was active in the world peace movement. His novel The Underground of Freedom (1952, Russian translation 1954) depicts the social struggle in Brazil from 1937 to 1941. The world of idealistic thoughts and emotions, and the heroism of the simple people of Brazil led by the Communist Party are contrasted with a world of avarice, exploitation, violence, and depravity. In the novels Gabriela, Cloves and Cinnamon (1958, Russian translation 1961) and Doña Flor and Her Two Husbands (1966) and in the collections of novellas Old Sailors (1961, Russian translation 1963) and Pastors of the Night (1964, Russian translation 1966), Amado, introducing elements of fantasy and folklore, conveys the originality of the freedom-loving national character. In 1961 he was elected member of the Brazilian Academy. He is a member of the World Council of Peace. In 1951 he was awarded the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations. He has made frequent visits to the USSR.

WORKS

Obras, vols. 1–17. Sāo Paulo, 1954–66.
In Russian translation:
Luis Karlos Prestes. Moscow, 1951.
Kastro Alves. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Kuteishchikova, V. N. Zhorzhi Amadu. Moscow, 1954.
Terterian, I. Brazil’skii roman XX v. Moscow, 1965. Pages 161–204.
Zorzhi Amadu: Biobibliograficheskii ukazatel’. Moscow, 1965.
Jorge Amado: 30 anos de literatura. Sao Paulo, 1961.
Táti, M. Jorge Amado: Vida e obra. Belo Horizonte, 1961.

I. A. TERTERIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
El pasado 6 de agosto murio en Salvador de Bahia, Brasil, uno de los escritores en lengua portuguesa mas vistos y leidos de la historia: Jorge Amado. Sus mas de cuarenta novelas fueron traducidas a 54 idiomas y su imagen se popularizo en el mundo sobre todo por la adaptacion al cine y, mas adelante a television, de varias obras suyas, como Gabriela, Clavo y canela y Tieta de Agreste.
F., que Vargas Llosa sirve para traerle el pulque a Alejo Carpentier a Jorge Luis Borges, que no tiene la estatura mitica de Gabo o que el no habla un pueblo como lo hacen Jorge Amado o Juan Rulfo, o si se me permite hablar de los de la pelea pasada, no viene a representar a su pais como en un tiempo lo hizo Romulo Gallegos.
La duodecima pelicula del brasileno Carlos Diegues (Maceio, 1940) se apoya en un texto de Jorge Amado, el gran escritor brasileno, que ha osado bajar de su reino y hacer de su novela una telenovela, logrando asi lo que parecia que parecia una ilusion, una utopia inalcanzable: dignificar, por no decir ennoblecer el universo de ese genero bastardo de la telenovela (y precisamente con la misma Tieta) descendiente del peor culebron decimononico.
En esas misma oportunidad, se efectuo una recreacion en las calles de Bahia con un fragmento del libro Teresa Batista, de Jorge Amado. Un trabajo similar realizo con el escritor y periodista chileno, Alberto Fuguet, sobre su libro Mala onda.
En suculentas 300 paginas se ocupa de Bioy Casares, Borges, Cortazar, Sabato, Jorge Amado, Guimaraes Rosa, Lispector, Garcia Marquez, Carpentier, Lezama Lima, Donoso, Asturias, Rulfo, Yanez, Roa Bastos, Jose Maria Arguedas, Vargas Llosa, Benedetti, Onetti y Uslar Pietri.
Tiene un consejo asesor brillante, como consta: Jorge Amado, Alfredo Bryce Echenique, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Augusto Monterroso y Fernando Savater.
In the past, we celebrated the International Day of the Portuguese Language and Culture in CPLP, a language that unites us because it is not only the language of Lus de Camoes, Jorge Amado, Jose Craveirinha, Germano Almeida, Lus Cardoso Noronha, Agostinho Neto or Pepetela, among other outstanding men of Portuguese language culture and literature.
The city's history is rich in literature -- it was the home of Jorge Amado, among others -- and intertwined with colonialism and the slave trade (Salvador was Brazil's first capital, from 1549 to 1763).
Aunque se reconoce por Garcia Marquez en primer lugar, Mayobre se declara de Jorge Amado, Vargas Llosa, Julio Cortazar, Etgar Keret y Miranda July.
Las obras traducidas se limitaban a un estilo realista, con una aguda critica a la sociedad capitalista, y gran parte de los escritores traducidos al chino compartian la ideologia comunista, tales como Pablo Neruda, Jorge Amado y Nicolas Guillen.
Jorge Amado (2003:61-2) A chegada da Primavera anuncia o renascer da Natureza.
En la primera mitad del siglo XX emerge un importante grupo de artistas en Salvador de Bahia, Brasil, conformado por el escritor Jorge Amado (1912-2001), el pintor Carybe (1911-1997), el fotografo Pierre Verger (1902-1996) y el cantautor Dorival Caymmi (1914-2008), cuyo trabajo rescato e instituyo la imagen de Bahia en el escenario artistico y cultural de Brasil y el mundo.