Jorge Luis Borges

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Borges, Jorge Luis

(hôr`hā lo͞oēs` bôr`hās), 1899–1986, Argentine poet, critic, and short-story writer, b. Buenos Aires. Borges has been widely hailed as the foremost contemporary Spanish-American writer. He was educated in Switzerland and afterward lived in Spain, where he became an exponent of ultraísmo, a poetic movement that followed the decline of modernismomodernismo
, movement in Spanish literature that had its beginning in Latin America. It was paramount in the last decade of the 19th cent. and the first decade of the 20th cent.

Modernismo derived from French symbolism and the Parnassian school.
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 after World War I. Ultraísmo advocated the use of bold images and daring metaphors in an attempt to create pure poetry, divorced not only from the past but from reality. Borges, who brought the movement to Argentina, never adhered strictly to its tenets. He helped to found three avant-garde journals and was director of the National Library and professor of English at the Univ. of Buenos Aires.

His poems, collected in Fervor de Buenos Aires (1923), Luna de enfrente (1925), Cuaderno San Martín (1954), Dreamtigers (tr. 1964), A Personal Anthology (tr. 1967), Selected Poems: 1923–1967 (1972), and In Praise of Darkness (tr. 1974), are often inspired by events of daily life or episodes of Argentine history. Characterized by lyricism, imagination, and boldness, they are, he said, "spiritual adventures." His essays, collected in Inquisiciones (1925), Otras inquisiciones (1960, tr. 1964), and the translations in Selected Nonfictions (1999) generally deal with philosophy and literary criticism. His tales, ranging from metaphysical allegories and fantasies (e.g., The Book of Imaginary Beings, 1967; tr. 1969) to sophisticated detective yarns, reveal a wide variety of influences (Kafka, Chesterton, Virginia Woolf) but are nevertheless strikingly original. Major collections of his short stories include Historia universal de la infamia (1935, tr. 1972), Ficciones (1944, tr. 1962), El Aleph (1949, tr. 1970), Extraordinary Tales (1955, tr. 1971), and Dr. Brodie's Report (tr. 1972). Labyrinths (1962) is a collection of translated works, and Collected Fictions (1998) contains his complete stories in translation.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Woodall (1997) and E. Williamson (2004); R. Burgin, Conversations with Jorge Luis Borges (1969); studies by A. M. Barrenechea (tr. 1965), R. J. Christ (1969), C. Wheelock (1969), J. Alazraki (1971), and G. H. Bell-Villada (1981).

Borges, Jorge Luis

 

Born Aug. 24, 1899, in Buenos Aires, Argentine writer.

Borges began his literary career in Spain as one of the founders of the modernist school of ultraism, the principles of which he then developed in Argentine poetry (the collections The Fervor of Buenos Aires, 1923; The Facing Moon, 1926). He won wide recognition for his fantastic short stories, which, in keeping with their complicated figurative structure, are filled with the idea of the absurdity of the world. He also writes literary analyses and essays.

WORKS

Obras completas, [vols. 1–3. Buenos Aires, 1964–65].

REFERENCES

Gutiérrez Girardot, R. Jorge Luis Borges: Ensayo de interpretación. Madrid, 1959.
Alazraki, J. La prosa narrativa de J. L. Borges. Madrid [1968]. (Contains a bibliography, pp. 229–40.)

L. S. OSPOVAT

References in periodicals archive ?
"It's not Jorge Luis Borges, because my dad once took me to a book presentation.
"Jorge Luis Borges: El mundo de la ficcion," Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos, no.564 (June 1997): 55-68.
She offers rather brief considerations of his debt to "the Four B's": Romare Bearden, the blues, Amiri Baraka, and Jorge Luis Borges. Much of this material has already been covered by, among others, Mark Rocha, and Herrington's book brings little that is new to the discussion--except for the interesting parallels she adumbrates between Wilson's method of "cutting and pasting" his scripts and Bearden's creation of his collages.
Let my first choices, then, be the works of two of my favorite authors: Jorge Luis Borges and Andre Dubus.
Prominent among the magic realists, in addition to Carpentier, were the Brazilian Jorge Amado, the Argentines Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortazar, the Colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and the Chilean Isabel Allende.
A collection of fantastic short stories, Las fuerzas extranas (1906) was known to and perhaps influenced <IR> JORGE LUIS BORGES </IR> .