Jorge Ubico


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ubico, Jorge

 

Born Nov. 10, 1878, in Guatemala City; died June 14,1946, in New Orleans, USA. State and military figure of Guatemala.

Ubico became president of Guatemala in 1931 and remained in office until 1944, during which time he assumed the powers of a dictator. The regime of terror that he established outlawed all workers’ organizations and in 1934 adopted a vagrancy law that, in effect, made serfs of those who held no land or only small plots by compelling them to work 180 days a year for hire. In 1944 the government gave landowners the right to shoot anyone caught trespassing on their land. In the meantime it transferred ownership of large tracts of land to the United Fruit Company and otherwise granted wide privileges to US monopolies. In June 1944, however, a popular uprising broke out, as a result of which Ubico was forced to flee the country, going first to Mexico and then to the United States.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Names like the Duvaliers of Haiti, the Somoza dynasty of Nicaragua, and Jorge Ubico of Guatemala epitomize the reality of military rule, which claimed hundreds of thousands of lives in an effort to suppress left-wing dissent and indigenous as well as Afro-Latin American activism.
After decades of elite domination and military rule, the Guatemalan people began a democratic experiment in 1944 after the overthrow of dictator Jorge Ubico. In 1954, the Guatemalan military, with the support of the U.S.
The military rule of President Jorge Ubico, who took office in 1931, grew increasingly dictatorial, in 1944, he was ousted in a democratic revolution.
Esta obra se basa supuestamente en la dictadura y el derrocamiento de Jorge Ubico, dictador de Guatemala (1931-1944) y se convierte en una critica radical de una sociedad farsante y exploradora en la cual todos son complices del sistema opresivo.
The US intervention ended a period in Guatemala known as the "Ten Years of Spring," which began with the overthrow of the dictator Jorge Ubico and the election, first, of Juan Jose Arevalo in 1944, and then, in 1950, of Jacobo Arbenz.
In a crisp, succinct introduction, Reed and Brandow situate the labour movement in the overall scheme of things, from its beginnings in the 1920s "among craftspeople and railroad, banana, and port workers" through its repression during the strong-arm presidency of General Jorge Ubico (1930-1944) to its flourishing under the democratically elected governments of Juan Jose Arevalo and Jacobo Arbenz Guzman between 1944 and 1954.
He gives a tendentious history of the country--purest Langley boilerplate, circa 1955--but omits the crucial 1931-44 dictatorship of Jorge Ubico.
The first began in 1944, when liberal forces overthrew the dictatorship of Jorge Ubico. A reformer Juan Jose Arevalo was elected president and was succeeded in 1951 by Col.