Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans

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Huysmans, Charles-Marie-Georges

 

(literary name, Joris Karl Huysmans). Born Feb. 5, 1848, in Paris; died there May 12, 1907. French writer.

Huysmans as a romantic was at odds with the reality of capitalist society; this is evident in the lyrical miniatures of his cycle of short stories entitled The Comfit Dish of Spices(1874). The studies of Huysmans were filled with living speech and diverse fates of the Parisian lower classes (the novella Marthe,1876), the extinction of feelings in the soul of a young proletarian woman (the novel The Vatard Sisters,1879), the senselessness of an official’s existence (the novella With the Flow,1882), and the pathology of philistine egoism (the novella Dilemma,1887). In these works the characteristic signs of the bourgeois way of life penetrate through the naturalistic pattern, but Huysmans was unable to reject its basic principles. In a decadently refined cult of sensual pleasures he sought oblivion (the novel Against the Grain,1884); he fled from the contemporary age. which he hated, into a world of black magic and Satanism (the novel Down There,1891), religious illumination (the unfinished novel Up There,1893, published in 1965; the novel En Route,1895), and medieval mysticism (the novel The Cathedral,1898). Having entered on the path of “spiritualistic naturalism,” Huysmans the skeptic turned to Catholicism in 1892. Huysmans was a member of the Académie des Goncourt.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes,vols. 1–18. Paris, 1928–34.
In Russian translation:
Poln. sobr. soch.,vols. 1–3. Moscow. 1912.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury,vol. 3. Moscow. 1959.
Chastel. G. J. K. Huysmans et ses amis.Paris [1957].
Cogny. P. Le “Huysmans intime . . . .” Paris, 1957.
Ridge. G. R. J.-K. Huysmans. New York. 1968. (Bibliography on pages 117–20).

V. P. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Se trata de otro estadio de la misma indagacion de Jean des Esseintes, protagonista de Al reves, de Joris-Karl Huysmans, que tiene la ocurrencia de incrustar piedras y metales preciosos en el caparazon de una tortuga para infundir belleza y movimiento a la aburrida alfombra del piso?
Exemplares desse novo tipo de homem sao Des Esseintes, personagem de Joris-Karl Huysmans em As avessas, e Dorian Gray, criacao de Oscar Wilde em O retrato de Dorian Gray.
Its protagonist, Francois, is a literature professor, a specialist of the late-nineteenth-century French writer Joris-Karl Huysmans, and a great deal of the book is taken up with commentaries on Huysmans's career trajectory and quotations from his works.
Joris-Karl Huysmans, for one, observed: "I shall never be persuaded that a woman reading a letter in a blue dress, .
Ravel came of age in the era of Decadent authors such as Joris-Karl Huysmans, Charles Baudelaire, and Oscar Wilde, and the composer frequently acknowledged their influence in him.
Following Baudelaire's model, and advancing diverse lines of inspiration that would become associated with symbolist poetry and decadent prose, respectively, Stephane Mallarme and Joris-Karl Huysmans devoted considerable attention to floral symbolism in their works.
Despite the persistence of charges in the 1870s and 1880s that the poster manipulated its spectators and marred the urban landscape (Zola, Garnier), the specific accusation that the poster disseminated sexual desire through its colorful images of appealing females can be traced to a fairly neglected essay written by Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848-1907) on French poster designer Jules Cheret (1836-1932) that was published in his collection of art criticism, Certains (1889).
I will then suggest connections between the continental decadent artist Joris-Karl Huysmans and his Irish contemporary by demonstrating their shared rejection of ideal aesthetic utopianism in favor of a more complex and conflicted decadent vision.
Milbank's article explores the "rapprochement," via a shared "aesthetic of the grotesque," allying Joris-Karl Huysmans with Arthur Machen (whose 1895 novel The Three Impostors shares a basic narrative theme with Huysmans's La-Bas [1891]) (83).
No estudo do modernismo portugues, faltava um estudo circunscrito ao decadentismo, de que Sa-Carneiro e procer incontestavel, na medida em que seus escritos, incluindo sua correspondencia, de 1912 a 1916, com Fernando Pessoa, e com o decadentista Luis de Montalvor (1891-1947), tambem membro do "Grupo Orpheu", transgridem, escandalosamente, o codigo vigente em Portugal, colocando-se sob a clave da estetica decadentista, nascida na Franca fin-de-siecle com a narrativa evanescente de Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848-1907), criador de des Esseintes, protagonista agonico do romance A rebours (1884).
En ellas Redon hacia repaso de lances varios, educacion y tecnica, ideas sobre el arte y deudas directas con los escritores, especialmente con Emile Hennequin y Joris-Karl Huysmans, que fueron los primeros en celebrar publicamente su talento (2).
2) Jean Des Esseintes es el protagonista de la novela de Joris-Karl Huysmans A rebours (1884), traducida al espanol como A contrapelo, Al reves o Contra natura, el cual es un burgues excentrico recluido en un mundo de su propia creacion.