Jos


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Jos

(jôs), city (1991 est. pop. 182,000), central Nigeria, on the Jos Plateau. It is a mining center for tin ore, which is processed in the city, and a collection point for hides and skins and for market-garden produce to be sent to Lagos. It is also a resort. Jos was developed in the early 20th cent. by the British as an administrative center and mining town. The railroad reached here in 1927. The city and surrounding region has at times been the scene of deadly religious riots between Christians and Muslims. The Jos Museum includes a collection of Nok terra-cottaterra-cotta
[Ital.,=baked earth], form of hard-baked pottery, widely used in the decorative arts, especially as an architectural material, either in its natural red-brown color, or painted, or with a baked glaze.
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 figurines (see African artAfrican art,
art created by the peoples south of the Sahara.

The predominant art forms are masks and figures, which were generally used in religious ceremonies. The decorative arts, especially in textiles and in the ornamentation of everyday tools, were a vital art in
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). The UNESCO School for Museum Technicians is attached to the museum, and the Univ. of Jos (1975), which has a teaching hospital, is located there.

Jos

 

a plateau in central Nigeria between the Niger and Benue rivers. It is made up of crystallic rock. Average altitude, 1,200-1,400 m; maximum altitudes, 1,735 m. Isolated granite peaks, flattopped hills, and cones of extinct volcanoes rise above its gently rolling surface. Numerous tributaries of the Niger River and Lake Chad originate on the Jos plateau. The climate is equatorial-monsoonal. The summers are humid. The annual precipitation is approximately 1,000 mm. The Jos plateau is covered with secondary high-growing savanna and has substantial deposits of tin, tantalum, and niobium.

Jos

a city in central Nigeria, capital of Plateau state on the Jos Plateau: major centre of the tin-mining industry. Pop.: 685 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Jos has been a photographer for many years and now specialises in photographing newborn babies, baby 'bump',' children, adults and families.
Jos said he has "strong interest" in the UO provost's job and that he is excited about the university's prospects.
The JoS A Bank customers will be able to download the free Shopping Companion mobile application for their smartphone.
Jos, who was working as a drill master in Grupo 105, was the 24th miner to reach the surface.
The government of Plateau State, where Jos is the capital, is controlled by Christian politicians who have blocked Muslims from being legally recognized as citizens.
Jos, which lies at the crossroads of Nigeria s Muslim north and Christian south, has been tense since raiders attacked the villages of Dogo Nahawa, Zot and Ratsat just south of the city on Sunday, violence in which hundreds are feared to have died.
Much of the violence in the early hours of Sunday was centered around the village of Dogo Nahawa, near Jos, where a journalist Sunday counted a total of 103 bodies.
Jos, from Solihull, West Midlands, now plans to study physics at Oxford University.
Jos, who described his achievement as "all right", will now study physics at Oxford University.
Ar ol trawiad ei dad yr wythnos diwethaf, mae Jos druan yn gorfod ailystyried ei ddyfodol.
Bishop Ignatius Kaigama, Catholic archbishop of Jos, said: "We in Africa talk about beauty of character, person and culture, and do not try to exhibit and flaunt our nakedness in a very immodest manner.