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Jos(jôs), city (1991 est. pop. 182,000), central Nigeria, on the Jos Plateau. It is a mining center for tin ore, which is processed in the city, and a collection point for hides and skins and for market-garden produce to be sent to Lagos. It is also a resort. Jos was developed in the early 20th cent. by the British as an administrative center and mining town. The railroad reached here in 1927. The city and surrounding region has at times been the scene of deadly religious riots between Christians and Muslims. The Jos Museum includes a collection of Nok terra-cottaterra-cotta
[Ital.,=baked earth], form of hard-baked pottery, widely used in the decorative arts, especially as an architectural material, either in its natural red-brown color, or painted, or with a baked glaze.
..... Click the link for more information. figurines (see African artAfrican art,
art created by the peoples south of the Sahara.
The predominant art forms are masks and figures, which were generally used in religious ceremonies. The decorative arts, especially in textiles and in the ornamentation of everyday tools, were a vital art in
..... Click the link for more information. ). The UNESCO School for Museum Technicians is attached to the museum, and the Univ. of Jos (1975), which has a teaching hospital, is located there.
a plateau in central Nigeria between the Niger and Benue rivers. It is made up of crystallic rock. Average altitude, 1,200-1,400 m; maximum altitudes, 1,735 m. Isolated granite peaks, flattopped hills, and cones of extinct volcanoes rise above its gently rolling surface. Numerous tributaries of the Niger River and Lake Chad originate on the Jos plateau. The climate is equatorial-monsoonal. The summers are humid. The annual precipitation is approximately 1,000 mm. The Jos plateau is covered with secondary high-growing savanna and has substantial deposits of tin, tantalum, and niobium.