José Santos Zelaya


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zelaya, José Santos

 

Born Nov. 1, 1853, in Managua; died May 17, 1919, in New York. Nicaraguan state figure.

As president of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909, Zelaya enacted a number of reforms, such as the separation of church and state and the introduction of universal franchise and of civil marriage; he also promoted the development of public education. Zelaya sought to lessen Nicaragua’s dependence on the USA and to this end requested Japan to subsidize the construction of an interoceanic canal across Nicaragua. In addition, he advocated the establishment of a Central American confederation. Zelaya was forced from the presidency with the assistance of American monopolies.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.