José Díaz

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Díaz, José

 

Born May 3, 1895, in Seville; died Mar. 20, 1942, in Tbilisi. Figure in the Spanish and international workers’ movement. Son of a worker.

Diaz began to work while still a child; he worked for a long time as a baker. His participation in the workers’ movement began in his youth. He was one of the leaders of the Seville trade unions that belonged to the General Union of Workers. He took part in organizing the general strike in Seville in 1920. He was repeatedly imprisoned. In 1925–26 he was active in the International Organization of Proletarian Revolution. In prison he was introduced to the literature of communism, and his study of this literature determined the path he subsequently traveled in life. In 1926 he joined the Communist Party of Spain; he headed the Andalusian regional organization of the party. He was elected general secretary of the party in 1932. Under his leadership, the Communist Party of Spain was turned into a mass workers’ party, and he emerged as an initiator of the unification of all the left-wing parties in Spain in the antifascist Popular Front, which was victorious in the elections of 1936. Greatly loved by the Spanish proletariat, Diaz was elected a deputy to parliament from Madrid.

At the Seventh Congress of the Comintern (1935), Diaz was elected a member of the Executive Committee of the Comintern. Between 1936 and 1939, the Communist Party of Spain, under the leadership of Diaz, was a decisive force in the National Revolutionary War of the Spanish people against the fascist rebels and Italian and German interventionists. With Diaz playing a guiding role, the Communist Party organized the illustrious Fifth Regiment, which became the nucleus of the regular People’s Army. After the defeat of the republic, despite being gravely ill, Diaz continued to lead the struggle of the Communist Party against fascism and against Spain’s involvement in World War II on the side of the powers of the fascist bloc.

WORKS

Tres años de lucha: Por el fronte popular, por la libertad, por la independencia de España. Toulouse, 1947.
In Russian translation:
“Chemu uchit Ispaniia Evropu i Ameriku.” Kommunisticheskii Internatsional, 1938, no. 12.
“Ob urokakh voiny ispanskogo naroda (1936-1939).” Bolshevik, 1940, no. 4.

REFERENCES

Ibarruri, D. “Bezzavetnyi borets za delo ispanskogo naroda” [obituary]. Kommunisticheskii Internatsional, 1942, nos. 3–4.
Blagoeva, S. Khoze Dias. [Moscow] 1938.
Meshcheriakov, M. T. Vsia zhizn’bor’ba. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jose Diaz of Thales e-Security explained why IoT payments need a trust framework that provides enough security but requires minimal interaction with the consumer.
Strachan will be joined in discussion by Juan Jose Diaz Infante, an interdisciplinary artist, photographer, and poet and a member of the Cultural Committee of the International Astronautical Federation.
Jose DiazcQuiroga Ana Olivia Alves Ribeiro Ruivo Dated: 28th May 2016 By Order of the Board Jose Diaz Quiroga Ana Olivia Alves Ribeiro Ruivo
La mayoria eran mujeres nahuas, pero tambien habia jovenes y ancianos y los encabezo el profesor Jose Diaz Navarro.
Participating artists include - Susan Hu, Amen Hussain, Kiera Jackson, Colleen Maria, Zahra Masih, Elza Moore, Arif Ramadhan, Juliana Reiner, Sabrina Salov, Eliana Silk, Carolyn Spillane, Bethany Tallan, Aren Davey, Jose Diaz, Alaniz Elliott, Abel Gamiz, Carmen Guzman, Jacob Hocking, Shahir Ahmed, Jasmine Arias, Ashley Beaubrun, Noah Berkowitz, Siena Callegari and Elizabeth Cox
Fue asi como se vio envuelto en dos relaciones con dos mujeres muy distintas, Maria Jose Diaz y Martina Fraysse, con finales tambien muy diferentes.
Justo en dicho ano nace el primogenito de don Celestino, Jose Diaz Rodriguez, el 4 de mayo, en la calle de Mayia Rodriguez 56, en el barrio de La Vibora.
Jose Diaz has been working for nearly a year in the UN Police Station of Malpasse, located about 50 kilometres from Haiti's capital Port-au-Prince.
El gobierno de Guerrero relaciona a los perdidos de Chilapa con el narcotrafico, pero el vocero de las familias, Jose Diaz Navarro, culpa al presidente del Congreso guerrerense, Bernardo Ortega Jimenez, de esas desapariciones.
Honors went to: Caleb Askey, Jordan Baer, Hudson Bombard, Owen Breidel, Alexander Chouinard, Alivia Correia, Cameron Cronin, Trevor Cyr, Jose Diaz, Maille Flaherty, Eion Frisch, Allison Garreffi, Colin Gates, Sophie Howland, Kimberly Joyce, Owen Keenan, Samantha Lamb, Emilie LaPointe, Ava Lemanski, Nicole Lizardo, Roger Maldonado, Emma Martelock, Allison McKenzie, Elian Montas, Mark Moran, Eilis Naughton-Houle, Grace Nelligan, Cole Nelson, Brayden O'Leary, Louis Parenteau, Mayako Pereira, Samantha Phillips, Myles Pitts, Christian Pomerleau, Julia Rossignol, Tahlene Rydberg, Jadyn Sousa, Jack Sullivan, Haileigh Tetreault, Timothy Tierney, Mariah Vieira, Elijah Yurkovic, Nathaniel Yurkovic and Nicholas Zoltany.
The other businesses being showcased were: Gemma Owen, 27, of Cardiff - Fabrikk Design; Yousra Eladig, 29, from Cardiff - Boutique de Nana clothing line; Jade Fisher, 26, of Hengoed - Illustrated Home ware and Gifts; Francesca Williams, 24, from Newport - Eclipse Designs handcrafted accessories; Jose Diaz Moreno, 31, of Cardiff - The Spaniard Gourmet; and Sian Owen, 30, from Dinas Powys - Sian Owen Photography.