José Martiniano de Alencar

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Alencar, José Martiniano de

 

Born May 1, 1829, in Mecejana, Ceará; died Dec. 12, 1877, in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian writer. Advocated the national individuality of Brazilian literature.

One of the founders of the “Indianist” school, Alencar made wide use of Indian folklore. With all the romantic conventionality of Indian images, his novels The Guarani (1857; Russian translation, 1966), Iracema (1865), and Ubirajara (1875) helped awaken interest in the lives of the native inhabitants of the country. He wrote historical novels and dramas (Silver Mines, 1862–65, among others) and a series of novels depicting the tenor of life in different regions of Brazil, including The Gaucho (1870) and The Sertanejo (1876).

WORKS

Obras deficçāo, vols. 1–16. Rio de Janeiro, 1951–53.

REFERENCES

Roméro, S. Historia da literatura brasileira, vols. 1–5, 5th ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1953–54.
Araripe, Tristāo de Alencar. Obra critica de Araripe Junior, vols. 1–3. [Rio de Janeiro], 1958–63.

I. A. TERTERIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Nasceu em 1760 no sertao pernambucano, nordeste do Brasil, perto do povoado de Exu, e esteve encarcerada durante 4 anos por participa, com os dois filhos Carlos Jose dos Santos e Jose Martiniano de Alencar, da Revolupao Pernambucana (1817) que defendia a implantapao de uma nova forma de governo em substituipao a monarquia, que passou a cobrar abusivos impostos a populapao desde a chegada da familia real portuguesa ao Brasil em 1808.
A proposito del programa literario e ideologico que anotabamos con la ayuda de Henriquez Urena, podemos decir que Jose Martiniano de Alencar --nombre completo del escritor brasileno--se adscribio desde siempre a dichos postulados.
The seeds for this were, perhaps involuntarily, sown thirteen years previously by the author of the innovative novel on which the opera Il Guarany was based, Jose Martiniano de Alencar.
The novelist <IR> JOSE MARTINIANO DE ALENCAR </IR> (1829-1877) drew readers to his O Guarani (1857) and Iracema (1865) with ethereally lyrical Indian-white love stories allegorizing the national past.