José Santos Zelaya

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zelaya, José Santos


Born Nov. 1, 1853, in Managua; died May 17, 1919, in New York. Nicaraguan state figure.

As president of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909, Zelaya enacted a number of reforms, such as the separation of church and state and the introduction of universal franchise and of civil marriage; he also promoted the development of public education. Zelaya sought to lessen Nicaragua’s dependence on the USA and to this end requested Japan to subsidize the construction of an interoceanic canal across Nicaragua. In addition, he advocated the establishment of a Central American confederation. Zelaya was forced from the presidency with the assistance of American monopolies.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another visionary leader I came to admire while researching the history of American intervention is Jose Santos Zelaya, who ruled Nicaragua at the beginning of the 20th century.
Thus Holden adopts the tired and now discredited charge that Nicaragua's Jose Santos Zelaya, a liberal positivist and nationalist of Nicaragua, was the chief troublemaker of the region.
The indigenous of Matagalpa joined Conservative forces to wrest changes in land and labor laws from Jose Santos Zelaya, a detour not usually seen in literature that discusses Zelaya's steady march to "progress." Indigenous struggle was so pronounced that the government sought not to eliminate but to coopt and control the population, for example, creating Comunidades Indigenas in Boaco and Camoapa in the early twentieth century--communities that as outside creations did not correspond to real community interests and were dominated by ladinos.
Navy, employed Yanqui mercenaries to help overthrow President Jose Santos Zelaya; his replacement was an ex-bookkeeper for a U.S.owned mining concern.
relations with Jose Santos Zelaya in Nicaragua, Zelaya's attempts to find alternate capital for the construction of an interoceanic canal after the U.S.
warships were ordered to Nicaragua after it was reported that 500 revolutionists, with two Americans among them, had been executed by the Nicaraguan dictator Jose Santos Zelaya. In the weeks following, the U.S.
In 1909 the Marines arrived again, this time to oust liberal President Jose Santos Zelaya, and returned in 1912.
A century ago it was Jose Santos Zelaya and Victoriano Huerta.