The purpose of this paper is to review the variety of symptoms Josef Breuer
's (1842-1925) patient, Bertha Pappenheim (1859-1936), known in the literature as 'Anna O.', manifested during the course of her groundbreaking therapy with Breuer in 1880-1882.
In this regard, the book adopts trauma theory based on a psychological understanding of trauma proposed by its forerunners such as Sigmund Freud, Josef Breuer
and Pierre Janet and carries the research over into literary trauma theory which has been developing since the 1990s.
They review the scholarship, starting with Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer
's formulations on the "talking cure" ( 2001), and stressing the significance of Emmanuel Levinas's concept of "excendance" ( 1982) and of Leigh Gilmore's "limit-case paradigm" (2001), as well as the notion of "discursive ethics" brought about by the ethical turn in the 1980s and 1990s.
Gretel and the Dark opens in 1899 Vienna where renowned psychoanalyst Josef Breuer
has been given a very strange case.
, a psychoanalyst of some renown, becomes fascinated by a nameless, beautiful woman claiming to be a machine.
After Exner received his doctorate in 1870 he worked at the physiological institute at the University of Vienna, Austria, where he was influenced by Josef Breuer
(1842 - 1925) and Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939).
Set in Vienna in 1899, Josef Breuer
is a celebrated psychoanalyst and is about to encounter his strangest case yet.
(1842-1925) introduced him with a 21 year old woman [27, 28].
Ben Cross plays Josef Breuer
, Katheryn Winnick plays Lou Salome, Michal Yannai plays Bertha (Anna O).
In 1868 Josef Breuer
and Ewald Hering discovered that distention of the lungs of anesthetized (sleeping) animals decreased the frequency of the inspiratory effort, in effect causing a transient apneic event.
He emphatically objectifies his subjects' thick emotional skins but never penetrates them, suggesting that he suffers from the same "strangulated affect," to use a term Freud and Josef Breuer
coined, as they do.