Josef Capek

Čapek, Josef

 

Born Mar. 23, 1887, in Hronov; died Apr. 1945, in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. Czech artist and writer; antifascist. Representative of progressive Czech art.

Čapek studied at the School of Industrial Arts in Prague and in Paris. His first works, which he wrote jointly with his brother K. Čapek, were published in 1907. From 1910 through the 1920’s he worked for progressive newspapers and journals, wrote critical articles and topical satires, and drew caricatures for the Brno newspaper Národni novini.

As an artist, Čapek strove for expressiveness and simplicity, introducing devices of cubism, fauvism, and primitivism. In his paintings he depicted the life of the urban poor, as in Man With a Bag (1926, National Gallery, Prague). He drew illustrations, including drawings, lithographs, and linocuts of laconic composition for works by Czech writers, including his brother’s novels The Absolute at Large (1922) and Krakatit (1924) and his own Tale of a Dog and a Cat (1929).

Čapek combined subtle irony and the grotesque with dramatic force. In the cycles of paintings Fire and Dream (1938–39, National Gallery, Prague), he symbolically depicted the suffering of his people during the fascist dictatorship. His series of antifascist caricatures see the with passionate anger.

WORKS

Stín kapradiny. Prague, 1930.
Umění přírodnich národů. Prague, 1938.
O sobě. Prague, 1958.

REFERENCES

Pečírka, J. J. Čapek. Prague, 1961.
Thiele, V. J. Čapek a kniha. Prague, 1958.
Halík, M, and J. Slavík. Bojovné dílo J. Čapka. Hradec Králové, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, it was Capek, in collaboration with his older brother, artist Josef Capek, who introduced the word "robot" not only to the English language but apparently the world.
An avid gardener, Capek also wrote "The Gardener's Year," a whimsical and humorous look at the vagaries of home gardening, with illustrations by his brother, Josef Capek.
Both Karel and Josef Capek were well known as outspoken opponents of fascism.
works ofJulius Fucik, Jan Drda, Josef Capek, Jaroslav Seifert, Frantisek Hrubin and others.
Among them were Czech painter and writer Josef Capek and Amsterdam diarist Anne Frank.
This was the artist and writer Josef Capek, brother of the more famous writer Karel, whose Cubist-influenced paintings were on sumptuous display in the gallery of the Municipal House, that gorgeous art nouveau structure lovingly restored in the decade since 1989.
THE AUTHOR HAS CALLED this fifth and closing volume of her series of biographical novels on the brothers Capek "The Extended Time of Josef Capek.
The effort of forty years which the author spent on her work on the brothers Karel and Josef Capek deserves to be crowned with laurels.
Since then she has embarked on a monumental project on the brothers Karel and Josef Capek, publishing "The Brothers Capek" in 1985 (concerning their childhood and youth), "Tuning for Two Strings" in 1990 (dealing with their period of intellectual maturing up to the end of World War I), and now Polocas nadeji (The Semifinal of Hopes), presumably the penultimate volume, bringing the Capek story halfway through the First Czechoslovak Republic.