Josef Jungmann

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jungmann, Josef


Born July 16, 1773, in Hudlice, near Beroun; died Nov. 14, 1847, in Prague. Czech philologist, poet, and translator.

Jungmann graduated from Charles University (the University of Prague) in 1799. His poetry first appeared in print in 1795. He played a prominent role in the development of Czech culture during the Czech National Renaissance with his works on language and literature. These included A Czech-German Dictionary (vols. 1–5, 1835–39), the bibliography A History of Czech Literature (1825), and the anthology of Czech literature entitled Literature (1820).

Jungmann advocated cultural contact between the Slavic peoples and supported Czech-Russian ties. His sociopolitical views were expounded in his Memoirs (1845; published 1871). Jungmann was also a translator of foreign literature.


Boj o obrození národa. Prague, 1948.
Překlady, vols. 1–2. Prague, 1958.
Zápisky. Prague, 1973.


Myl’nikov, A. S. Iozef Iungman i ego vremia. Moscow, 1973.
Slovenské spisovné jazyky v dobé obrození. Prague, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The climax of the Liturgical Movement included such magisterial works as Josef Jungmann's The Mass of the Roman Rite (German orig., 1952) and Louis Boyer's Eucharist (French orig., 1966), but their reliance on historical sources and information that rather quickly became dated relegated those works to the historical trajectories of bibliographies for doctoral exams.
Molineaux usefully draws our attention to the alternative views of not only Adam but also Emil Grller, LaGarde, Paul Galtier, Aloys Dirksen, Josef Jungmann, Bernard Carra de Vaux Saint-Cyr, and others.
This issue as well as Jungmann's (new) terminology was analyzed by Jedlicka in his work Josef Jungmann a obrozenska terminologie literarne vedna a linguisticka (Josef Jungmann and Literary-Scientific and Linguistic Terminology of the Czech National Revival Period, 1948)).
Josef Jungmann a obrozenska terminologie literarne vedna a linguisticka, Praha: Ceska akademie ved a umeni, 1948.
(7) The two most complete sets of lecture notes, discovered in Czech archives, were made by two leading members of the Czech National Revival: Josef Jungmann, in the academic year 1794/95, and Josef Liboslav Ziegler, in the academic year 1802/03.
(8) The manuscript notes of Josef Jungmann are deposited in the Museum of Czech Literature (Pamatnik narodniho pisemnictvi), at Strahov, Prague, in the Josef Jungmann papers, files 'Meissner A.
Trautman, who studied at the University of Innsbruck under famed Jesuit theologians Karl Rahner and Josef Jungmann, holds a licentiate in sacred scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome.
Josef Jungmann, a master at the Old Town Gymnasium where a century later Franz Kafka was to be a pupil, translated into Czech Schiller, Goethe, Chateaubriand and, most famously, Milton's Paradise Lost (1811), helped found the first Czech scientific periodical, Krok (1821),(81) penned the first modern history of Czech literature actually to be written in Czech (1825), and crowned his life's work with a five-volume, 120,000-entry Czech-German dictionary (1834-9).
For his celebrated translation of Paradise Lost of 1811 Josef Jungmann went well beyond the spoken Czech of his time, drawing widely from medieval Czech literature and other Slavonic languages, and coining many neologisms of his own.
Josef Jungmann's great work on the history of the Mass liturgy is cited in its abridged English version (213) but in the two-volume, full translation on the next page.
He points to neglected areas of Rahner's oeuvre, for example, his work on liturgical renewal with Josef Jungmann, and the renewal of the sacrament of penance, while lucidly presenting the central themes of Rahner's theology including nature and grace, revelation, Christology, Church and sacraments, Trinity, soteriology, the supernatural existential, anonymous Christianity, and eschatology.
In fact to attempt a narrative history of early liturgy (in the manner of Josef Jungmann or Gregory Dix) would seem to be folly.