Josef Myslivecek

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mysliveček, Josef

 

Born Mar. 9, 1737, in Prague; died Feb. 4, 1781, in Rome. Czech composer and conductor. Member of the Bologna Philharmonic Academy (1771).

Mysliveček studied in Prague, where he wrote his first symphonies (1762). In 1763 he settled in Italy. His first opera, Medea, was staged in Parma in 1764. Mysliveček received wide acclaim for his opera Bellerofonte, produced in Naples in 1767. In 1770, while living in Bologna, he met the young Mozart, who immediately formed a high opinion of his music; Mozart and he remained friends for many years.

Mysliveček composed about 30 operas, which were performed with enormous success between 1767 and 1780 in a number of Italian cities as well as in Prague and Vienna. In these operas he continued the tradition of Italian opera seria. His best operas include Hypermnestra, Il Gran Tamerlano, Montezuma, Ezio, Olimpiade, Armida, and Il Medonte, Re di Epiro. Mysliveček also wrote oratorios, including Abramo ed Isacco; symphonies; overtures; several concerti for string instruments and orchestra, as well as for string ensembles; trio sonatas; and music for the harpsichord. Mysliveček’s music, which shows strong Italian influences, was also inspired by the Czech folk song. As a conductor, he helped acquaint the musical public with the operas of C. W. Gluck.

REFERENCES

Belza, I. F. Ocherki razvitiia cheshskoi muzykal’noi klassiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951. Pages 82–89.
Belza, I. F. Istoriia cheshskoi muzykal’noi kul’tury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959. Pages 285–306.
Shaginian, M. Iozef Myslivechek, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
čeleda, J. Josef Mysliveček Prague, 1946. (Includes bibilographic index.)

I. F. BELZA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Josef Myslivecek Violin Concertos, Sinfonia & Overture Leila Schayegh--violin, Collegium 1704, Vaclav Luks--conductor.
So along with Luigi Cherubini, Domenico Citnarosa, Giovanni Pergolesi and Antonio Vivaldi, one here encounters such less-well-known figures as Florian Gassmann, Josef MysliveCek, Davide Perez and Giuseppe Sarti.
Josef Myslivecek, "II Boemo": The Man and His Music.
Josef Myslivecek, "Il boemo"; the man and his music.
What do you mean you've never heard of Josef Myslivecek? He was a contemporary (1737-1781) of Wolfgang Mozart, a composer who came from Prague to Italy to Vienna to make his fortune, who wrote more symphonies and operas that practically anyone at the time, who engaged in business dealings with Mozart's father, who was said to have had an influence on the younger Mozart, and who, like W.
We should bear in mind that Seger taught many 18th-century musicians of note, including Josef Myslivecek, Jan Evangelista Kozeluh and Jiff Igml.c Linka.
Similarly, the German, Austrian, and Bohemian editions (of Florian Leopold Gassmann, Josef Myslivecek, Johann Baptist Vanhal, and others) mentioned in the introduction (p.
The pack quickly thins to four composers whose sonatas are singled out for their affinities with Mozart's--Giovanni Marco Rutini, Nicolas--Joseph Hullmandel, Josef Myslivecek, and Johann Christian Bach.
He wrote his thesis on the correspondence of Josef Myslivecek, and his research has focused on the 17th and 18th centuries.
In part one, for example, Rudolf Pecman begins his article on "The Mannheim School and Josef Myslivecek" by stating flatly that to his knowledge there are no connections between Mannhelm and Myslivecek; and of the eight articles on melodrama in part two, only one, Joachim Veit's fine study of Georg Joseph Vogler's Lampedo of 1779, actually concerns itself with Mannheim - and that mainly because Vogler was a Mannheimer; the work itself was written for the court at Darmstadt.
In the end he made the application by letter, while Josef Myslivecek or Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had still had to take written examinations in Bologna in person.