Josef Strzygowski

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Strzygowski, Josef


Born Mar. 7, 1862, in Biała, now Bielsko-Biała, Poland; died Jan. 2, 1941, in Vienna. Austrian art scholar.

Strzygowski taught at the University of Graz from 1892 and at the University of Vienna from 1909. Emphasizing the importance of the Oriental and Transcaucasian artistic cultures, he contributed to a broader understanding of the origins of European medieval art. However, with his doctrine that the conventional and symbolic language of art is of a primordial nature, he adhered to the idealist viewpoint on the history of art; in his later works he leaned toward racist cultural and historical ideas.


Orient oder Rom. Leipzig, 1901.
Die Baukunst der Armenier und Europa, vols. 1–2. Vienna, 1918.
Die Altslavische Kunst. Augsburg, 1929.
Asiens bildende Kunst in Slichproben. Augsburg, 1930.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The antisemite Josef Strzygowski was the first of a wide range of scholars to explore what he regarded as the deleterious influence of Jewish art on such works of late antiquity as the Ashburnham Pentateuch.
The influence of Ataturk and his pervasive promotion of the Turkish nation are a frequent subject, though the reader will be struck by the new take on the ideas of both westernization and Orientalism to be found in the invention of Turkish art and architectural history in the 19th and 20th centuries, with articles on formalism, Arthur Upham Pope, and the influential and controversial Austrian art historian Josef Strzygowski. The volume is oversized (8.75x11"), beautifully illustrated with color and b&w plates, but not indexed.
Five authors tackle thorny and complex issues which are marked by the authoritative research of most eminent scholars such as Anton Springer, Josef Strzygowski, Charles Rufus Morey, Wilhelm Koehler, and, above all Kurt Weitzmann--encompassing more than one hundred years of the history of art history.
She urges him to read Josef Strzygowski's 1923 Origin of Christian Church Art, for its tracing of a lineage of abstract, nonrepresentational art entering medieval Europe from non-Roman sources (p.
Born in 1862, Josef Strzygowski is still remembered for his success in securing the Middle East, Asia Minor, and India a place on the art historical agenda; his works are still considered standard in the field.(11) There is some irony in his efforts on behalf of these marginalized areas, however, for they were directly inspired by his upbringing in a German-speaking area of Polish Silesia in 1864, which left him an ardent German nationalist.(12) Initially given a tradesman's education, he rose to become professor of art history first in Graz then in Vienna.
107-120; and Suzanne Marchand, "The Rhetoric of Artifacts and the Decline of Classical Humanism: The Case of Josef Strzygowski," History and Theory 33 (1994): 106-130.