Josef Albers

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Albers, Josef

(yō`zĕf äl`bĕrs), 1888–1976, German-American painter, printmaker, designer, and teacher, b. Bottrop, Germany. After working at the BauhausBauhaus
, artists' collective and school of art and architecture in Germany (1919–33). The Bauhaus revolutionized art training by combining the teaching of classic arts with the study of crafts.
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 (1920–33), Albers and his wife, the textile designer and weaver Anni Albers, emigrated to the United States when Hitler came to power. Albers taught throughout the Americas and Europe, headed the art department (1933–49) and was rector (1941–49) at Black Mountain CollegeBlack Mountain College,
former coeducational liberal arts college at Black Mountain, N.C., near Asheville. Founded (1933) by John Rice, also the school's first rector (1933–40), on the progressive education principles of John Dewey, it placed a strong emphasis on the arts.
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, and was director of the Yale School of Art (1950–58), where he was responsible for major innovations in art education. An extremely versatile artist, he is best known for his Homage to the Square, a series of paintings and prints begun in 1949. These serene works, quasiconcentric squares of subtly related colors, form an extensive examination of color properties.


See his Interaction of Color (1963); studies by E. Gomringer (1968) and W. Spies (1971).

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Albers, Josef

(1888–1976) painter; born in Bottrop, Germany. In 1933, fleeing from Nazism, he emigrated to America to continue his teaching career at Black Mountain College, North Carolina (1933–49), and at Yale University (1950–60). A series of paintings, Homage to the Square, reveals his fascination with color relationships. He was influential in introducing the Bauhaus art school concepts from Germany, which stressed craftsmanship and a functional approach to design.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consider th, pioneers in th, field whose names jump from th, pages of this survey--Belle Boas, Thomas Munro, Rene D'Harnoncourt, Sallie Tannahill, Mary Albright, Joseph Albers, Florence Cane, Grant Wood, Rudolph Schaeffer and Hale Woodruff.
Here, among the likes of Joseph Albers, Jack Tworkov, Willem de Kooning, Robert Motherwell, John Cage, and Merce Cunningham, the art world was at Rauschenberg's fingertips.
The essays examine the scene, including the workshops--the Tamarind Lithography Workshop led by June Wayne, Gemini G.E.L., and Cirrus Editions--and artists: locals such as Richard Diebenkorn, Ed Moses, and Ed Ruscha, and artists who traveled to LA to make prints, including Joseph Albers, Louise Nevelson, Claes Oldenburg, and Robert Rauschenberg.
Although he considers Joseph Albers his most important teacher, some of his early series of paintings might be compared to those by Barnett Newman and Willem de Kooning.